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OSCAR – a new European project on cover crops

Baresel, Jörg Peter; Döring, Thomas F. and Finckh, Maria R. (2012) OSCAR – a new European project on cover crops. Poster at: 12th Congress of the European Society for Agronomy, Helsinki, Finland, 20-24 August 2012.

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There is widespread concern over the damage caused by modern agriculture to soil structure and the ecosystem services provided. One approach to overcome this problem is conservation agriculture (CA) which aims to maintain soil structure by minimising soil disturbance, maximising soil cover and using crop rotation. However, despite recent legislation supporting minimum tillage and direct seeding, together with the efforts of pioneer farmers, CA is still practised on less than 4% of the agricultural land in Europe. This underlines the need for major improvements in the approach together with consolidation of, and access to, information about alternative cropping methods and their biological and economic value and performance. A new European FP7-funded research project has started in April 2012 to address these issues. The project, called OSCAR is conducted by 20 partners and is led by University of Kassel, Germany. OSCAR aims to Optimise Subsidiary Crop Application in Rotations. It extends existing knowledge and improves and develops novel cropping systems based on cover crops, catch crops, living mulches and other subsidiary crops (SC). OSCAR aims to enhance the implementation and increase the duration of soil coverage by plants, introduce diversity to the crop rotation and reduce the need for and the intensity of soil tillage. Optimization will counteract the sometimes reduced yields associated with minimum or non-tillage systems whilst providing durable ecological benefits. Particular attention is given to conservation tillage systems. To maximise the potential of ecological benefits, both conventional and conservation agricultural systems are considered in OSCAR, encouraging a high level of innovation as well as offering a more immediate transfer into practical agriculture.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Keywords:OSCAR, crop rotation, soil structure, soil cover, soil disturbance, Optimise Subsidiary Crop Application in Rotations, non-tillage system
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: Germany > University of Kassel > Department of Ecological Plant Protection
Germany > University of Munich - TUM > Chair for Plant Nutrition
European Union > OSCAR
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC)
Horizon Europe or H2020 Grant Agreement Number:289277
ISSN:1798-744X (online)
ISBN:978-952-10-4323-9 (online)
Related Links:http://www.oscar-covercrops.eu/
Deposited By: Döring, Dr Thomas F.
ID Code:21903
Deposited On:29 Jan 2013 10:57
Last Modified:11 Jun 2021 08:10
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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