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Farmers' approaches to organic farming; motivations, barriers and different strategies

Vartdal, Barbro and Løes, Anne-Kristin (1994) Farmers' approaches to organic farming; motivations, barriers and different strategies. In: Granstedt, Artur and Koistinen, Riitta (Eds.) Converting to organic agriculture. NJF-report 93, Appendix. Proceedings of NJF seminar 237, Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists (NJF), St Michel, Finland, NJF report, no. 93, pp. 48-61.

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Conversion to organic agriculture as a process of social adaptation was qualitatively analysed by the sociologists Barbro Vartdal and Arild Blekesaune during 1990-92. Altogether, 33 farmers were analysed, giving the sociologists interviews, written diaries or reports as material. The farmers participated in the "30 farm-project", conducted by the Norwegian Centre for Ecological Agriculture. The sociologists described three categories of eco-farmers, according to whether the farmer was cosmopolitically or locally orientated: The antroposopher,the ecosopher and the reformist. Their motivations of farming, conversion and mastering strategies as well as social barriers for conversion were described. It is argued that conversion is a social process as well as a process of agronomy.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Speech
Keywords:social environment, conversion, farmer, motivation, local community
Subjects: Farming Systems > Social aspects
Research affiliation: Norway > RURALIS – Institute for Rural and Regional Research
Norway > NORSØK - Norwegian Centre for Organic Agriculture
Deposited By: Løes, Anne-Kristin
ID Code:19309
Deposited On:23 Aug 2011 13:55
Last Modified:23 Aug 2011 13:55
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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