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Crop responses to 15N-labelled organic and inorganic nitrogen sources

El-Naggar, Ahmed; El-Araby, Ahmed; de Neergaard, Andreas and Høgh-Jensen, Henning (2008) Crop responses to 15N-labelled organic and inorganic nitrogen sources. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 80, pp. 49-60.

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A major challenge for low¬-external-input farming systems is to secure the N supply. Lack of synchrony between mineralization of organic N sources and plant N requirements is causing many growers to use different techniques to overcome this problem. One of these techniques is the application of soluble water extracts of different farm residues and plants. A field study was conducted to study the crop uptake of applied 15N-labeled alfalfa and clover extracts as compared to the N uptake from15N-glycine and three levels of 15N-(NH4)2SO4. The results show that total N accumulation in the field crops, squash and lettuce, was primarily affected by the amount of added N (P<0.05) and not by the form in which the N was applied (P>0.05). The utilization efficiencies of N (pNdff) from plant extracts and glycine increased (P<0.05) gradually from 10, 20, to 30 days after application in contrast to (NH4)2SO4 which peaked in utilization efficiencies of 56% around 20 days after application. The pNdff reached 60%, 40% and 36% of the applied glycine, alfalfa and clover extracts, respectively in lettuce. Squash showed the same pattern during at 10, 20 and 30 days however the proportion of N derived from most of the treatments was higher in squash than in lettuce (p<0.05). These results indicate that plant extracts of clover and alfalfa can be used as efficient N fertilisers in low-external-input agroecosystems.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Research affiliation:Egypt
Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Deposited By: Jensen, Dr Henning Høgh
ID Code:18305
Deposited On:11 Feb 2011 10:30
Last Modified:11 Feb 2011 10:30
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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