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Relationships between climate and winter cereal grain quality in Finland and their potential for forecasting

Hollins, Philip D.; Kettlewell, Peter S.; Peltonen-Sainio, Pirjo and Atkinson, Mark D. (2004) Relationships between climate and winter cereal grain quality in Finland and their potential for forecasting. Agricultural and Food Science, 13 (3), pp. 295-308.

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Document available online at: http://www.mtt.fi/afs/pdf/mtt-afs-v13n3p295.pdf


Many studies have demonstrated the effects of climate on cereal yield, but there has been little work carried out examining the relationships between climate and cereal grain quality on a national scale. In this study national mean hectolitre weight for both rye and winter wheat in Finland was modelled using monthly gridded accumulated snow depth, precipitation rate, solar radiation and temperature over the period 1971 to 2001. Variables with significant relationships in correlation analysis both before and after difference detrending were further investigated using forward stepwise regression. For rye, March snow depth, and June and July solar radiation accounted for 66% of the year-to-year variance in hectolitre weight, and for winter wheat January snow depth, June solar radiation and August temperature accounted for 62% of the interannual variance in hectolitre weight. Further analysis of national variety trials and weather station data was used to support proposed biological mechanisms. Finally a cross validation technique was used to test forecast models with those variables available by early July by making predictions of above or below the mean hectolitre weight. Analysis of the contingency tables for these predictions indicated that national hectolitre weight forecasts are feasible for both cereals in advance of harvest.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:cereal, forecast, hectolitre weight, modelling, precipitation, quality, rye, snow depth, solar radiation, specific weight, temperature, wheat
Subjects: Crop husbandry
Research affiliation: Finland
Deposited By: Koistinen, Riitta
ID Code:17095
Deposited On:07 May 2010 10:17
Last Modified:07 May 2010 10:17
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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