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Presentation: Comparing reasons for opting out inAustria, Denmark, Estonia and Norway

Koesling, Matthias and Løes, Anne-Kristin (2009) Presentation: Comparing reasons for opting out inAustria, Denmark, Estonia and Norway. Speech at: NJF seminar 422; Fostering healthy food systems through organic agriculture - Focus on Nordic-Baltic Region, Tartu, Estonia, 25-27 August 2009.

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PDF - English


While the number of organic farms was rising rapidly in almost all European Countries since the beginning of the 1990s, some organic farmers were opting out of certified organic farming the later years. For farmers in Estonia and Denmark, unsatisfactory economic results were named as dominating reason for opting out. In Denmark these problems were mainly due to marketing problems. Other important reasons in Estonia were too much bureaucracy, difficulties to fit animal production to the regulations and difficulties in weed control. Difficult and changing regulations, getting stricter over time, were mentioned most frequently by Norwegian and Austrian farmers and also important for those in Denmark.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Speech
Other Type:Presentation
Keywords:opting out, certification, motivation
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Regulation
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Austria
Farming Systems > Social aspects
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Estonia
"Organics" in general > Countries and regions > Denmark
Farming Systems > Farm economics
Research affiliation: Norway > Bioforsk - Norwegian Institute for Agriculture and Environmental Research > Bioforsk Organic Food and Farming Division
Related Links:http://www.bioforsk.no/ikbViewer/page/tjenester/prosjekt?p_document_id=9257
Deposited By: Koesling, Matthias
ID Code:16233
Deposited On:29 Sep 2009 08:29
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:40
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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