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Durum wheat in conventional and organic farming: yield amount and pasta quality in Southern Italy.

Fagnano, Massimo; Fiorentino, Nunzio; D'Egidio, Maria Grazia; Quaranta, Fabrizio; Ritieni, Alberto; Ferracane , Rosalia and Raimondi, Giampaolo (2012) Durum wheat in conventional and organic farming: yield amount and pasta quality in Southern Italy. TheScientificWorldJOURNAL, 2012, pp. 1-9.

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Five durum wheat cultivars were grown in a Mediterranean area (Southern Italy) under conventional and organic farming with
the aim to evaluate agronomic, technological, sensory, and sanitary quality of grains and pasta. The cultivar Matt produced the
best pasta quality under conventional cropping system, while the quality parameters evaluated were unsatisfactory under organic
farming. The cultivar Saragolla showed the best yield amount and pasta quality in all the experimental conditions, thus proving
to be the cultivar more adapt to organic farming. In all the tested experimental conditions, nivalenol (NIV) and deoxynivalenol
(DON) occurrence was very low and the other mycotoxins evaluated were completely absent. These data confirm the low risk of
mycotoxin contamination in the Mediterranean climate conditions. Finally, it has been possible to produce high-quality pasta in
Southern Italy from durum wheat grown both in conventional and organic farming.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:organic farming, durum wheat, quality, pasta
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: Italy > CRA - National Council of Agricultural Research
Italy > Univ. Napoli “Federico II”
Related Links:http://www.tswj.com/contents/agronomy/
ID Code:11378
Deposited On:07 Jun 2012 10:39
Last Modified:07 Jun 2012 10:39
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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