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Effectiveness of clays and copper products in the control of Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin)

Caleca, Virgilio and Rizzo, Roberto (2006) Effectiveness of clays and copper products in the control of Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin). In: Caruso, Tiziano and Motisi, Antonio (Eds.) Proceedings of Olivebioteq 2006, Second International Seminar “Biotechnology and quality of olive tree products around the Mediterranean Basin” November 5th –10th, Mazara del Vallo, Marsala, Italy, 2, pp. 275-282.

[thumbnail of Caleca&RizzoOlivebioteq166.pdf] PDF - English


Repellent and antiovipositional products in the control of Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin) find a great interest in organic farming, because of the lack of effective products able to kill the olive fruit fly larvae and eggs.
This study is the continuation of a research on the effectiveness of kaolin and copper hydroxide carried out in 2003 and 2004 in Castelvetrano and Trapani (Sicily, Italy).
In 2005 a product containing 95% of kaolin, Surround WP, was tested in two organic table olive orchards, Nocellara del Belice cv., in Trapani province; in the first one (located in Castelvetrano) this kaolin was compared to copper hydroxide (Coprantol Ultramicron) and rotenone (Bioroten), in the second one (located in Partanna) it was compared to a product containing 100% of bentonite (Biobenton), to a product containing copper oxychloride (Cuprobenton) and to Surround WP + copper hydroxide.
In 2005, at Castelvetrano all plots gave no statistically significant differences, due to the low infestation level reached until harvesting on 8th October (total infestation in all plots 5-9%). On the other hand at Partanna, regarding the harmful infestation of the whole sampling period (11th August- 14th November), the two kinds of clays recorded statistically significant better results than the untreated plot, while the results of copper oxychloride plot were intermediate, with significant differences from kaolin plots, but without differences with bentonite and untreated theses. The oils extracted from olives of the four treated theses resulted of excellent quality (free acidity 0.1-0.2%, peroxide value 3-4), while untreated olives produced a still extra virgin oil with a higher free acidity (0.6%, peroxide value 4).
In the different theses tested on this site the olive fruit fly infestation was limited to a good level for table olives until 18th, 28th September, 19th, 24th and 29th October in untreated, copper oxychloride, bentonite, kaolin and kaolin +copper hydroxide theses respectively.
The tested products containing kaolin, bentonite, copper hydroxide and oxychloride are effectively able to limit B. oleae infestation to a good level for olive oil production, moreover, considering the earlier harvesting of table olives, these products, particularly the first three of them, give a new opportunity for controlling the olive fruit fly also in organic farms for table olive production.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:olive fruit fly, kaolin, bentonite, antiovipositional, organic farming, Sicily
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Olive
Research affiliation: Italy > Other organizations
Deposited By: Caleca, Professor Virgilio
ID Code:10965
Deposited On:04 Jul 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:35
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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