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Comparative herbaceous phytosociology in agroforestry and Calophyllum brasiliense monoculture on a river terrace.

Devide, Antonio Carlos Pries; Castro, Cristina; Ribeiro, Raul de Lucena Duarte and Pereira, Marcos Gervasio (2020) Comparative herbaceous phytosociology in agroforestry and Calophyllum brasiliense monoculture on a river terrace. [Fitossociologia herbácea comparada em sistemas agroflorestais e monocultivo de guanandi em terraço. fluvial.] Revista Agrogeoambiental, 12 (1), pp. 217-233.

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Summary

Invasive forage grasses, especially the Urochloa genus, impact reforestation worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate management influence on phytosociology of the herbaceous layer, defined as the layer of herbs, sub-shrubs, shrubs and vines, in two agroforestry systems (AFS) (Simple and Biodiverse) in succession to a reforestation of guanandi (Calophyllum brasiliense), compared to monoculture of this specie taken as control. The experiment was conducted in Pindamonhanga (SP), Brazil, from 2011 to 2014, in a randomized block design with eight replications and 144.0 m² plots. In Simple SAF area, food crops were grown alongside C. brasiliense rows: sweet cassava (Manihot esculenta) in rotation with arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), banana shrub (Musa sp.), and juçara palm (Euterpe edulis). In Biodiverse AFS, fourteen native tree species were also planted alongside the food crops. Altogether 41 non-stratified species, 38 genera and 24 botanical families were identified; the most abundant families were: Asteraceae, Poaceae e Cyperaceae. The similarity between the areas diverged after three years of management, with the predominance of Commelina benghalensis and M. arundinacea in the AFS areas and Urochloa decumbens in the monocultive, mainly, due to the shadow gradient established for the three systems.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:ecological reforestation; spontaneous plants. reflorestamento ecológico; biodiversidade; planta expontânea.
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishreforestationhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_13802
Englishecologyhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_2467
Englishbiodiversityhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_33949
Englishvolunteer plantshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_32696
Englishweedshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8347
Subjects: Farming Systems
Soil
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Environmental aspects
Research affiliation: Brazil
DOI:10.18406/2316-1817v12n120201432
Related Links:https://orgprints.org/38224/1/1432%20-%20English.pdf, https://orgprints.org/38224/2/1432%20-%20Portugu%C3%AAs.pdf
Deposited By: Devide, Antonio C. P.
ID Code:38224
Deposited On:06 Aug 2020 13:59
Last Modified:23 Sep 2020 19:25
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Part of the doctoral thesis of Antonio Carlos Pries Devide.
Portuguese version: https://orgprints.org/38224/2/1432%20-%20Portugu%C3%AAs.pdf

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