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Effect of anaerobic digestion of cover crops and straw on N and S availability in the digestate

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Fontaine, D; Perschke, YML; Feng, L; Møller, HB; Eriksen, J and Sørensen, P (2018) Effect of anaerobic digestion of cover crops and straw on N and S availability in the digestate. In: Proceedings.

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Summary

Lack of nutrients and poor synchrony between nutrient availability and crop demand are often reasons for low yields in organic farming. A field experiment conducted in Denmark aims to use cover crops (CC) to produce extra biomass for biogas production and afterwards utilize the digestate as nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S) fertilizer. The influence of the main crop harvest time and the straw management on biomass production of cover crops is investigated. A spring barley crop and an under-sown CC (clover and chicory mixture) were established to compare early and late barley harvest time and different straw management, including a treatment with high stubble. The dry matter (DM) yield of CC in October was 2.5 t/ha for early barley harvest and 2.3 t/ha for late harvest. At early barley harvest with high stubble treatment, an extra DM yield of 1.3 t/ha was obtained. The harvested CC was ensiled and used as substrates for mono- and co-digestion with cattle manure in 15L digesters. The silages contained mixtures of CC and straw at ratios 1:0, 3:1 and 10:1 (fresh weight basis). Anaerobic digestion (AD) increased the fraction of NH4+ in total N from 0.07 to 0.41 in a reactor fed with CC silage only, for example. This increase was lower for reactors fed with higher ratio of straw in the silage mixture.
In 2018, the N fertilizer value of cattle manure and different digestates and raw silages are tested in a new spring barley crop in confined microplots. Yields and N uptake of spring barley will be measured and the fertilizer value of digested materials will be compared with corresponding undigested cover crops. In addition, the fate of N and S in the soil with different cover crop-straw mixtures and digestion management will be investigated.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Speech
Keywords:anaerobic digestion, cover crops
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Crop husbandry > Post harvest management and techniques
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 3 > NutHY
Deposited By: Eriksen, Professor Jørgen
ID Code:37580
Deposited On:19 Mar 2020 13:04
Last Modified:19 Mar 2020 13:04
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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