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New breeding strategies for mixed cropping in a barley (H. vulgare L.) pea (P. sativum L.) model system

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Haug, Benedikt; Messmer, Monika; Forst, Emma; Mary-Huard, Tristan; Enjalbert, Jérôme; Goldringer, Isabelle and Hohmann, Pierre (2019) New breeding strategies for mixed cropping in a barley (H. vulgare L.) pea (P. sativum L.) model system. In: Book of Abstracts, 5th Conference on Cereal Biotechnology and Breeding, 04.-07.11.2019, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 45-46.

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Summary

Crop mixtures consisting of cereals and legumes have proven as a well-adapted arrangement due to their complementarity towards important resources, especially nitrogen. Crop mixtures combine high yield performance and yield stability. They can contribute to a diversified cropping landscape and adaptation to climate change. The search for alternatives to protein imports from overseas and investments in post-harvest separation technologies are currently fostering their adoption by farmers in Western-Europe, especially under organic and lowinput
farming conditions. However, screening and breeding for mixed cropping has hardly been explored for arable crops. Thus, the objective was to develop novel breeding strategies and tools specifically for mixed cropping systems.
We tested mixtures and pure stands of a morphologically diverse panel of 32 spring pea (Pisum sativum L.) and eight spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars in replicated field trials at two locations in Switzerland over two years with pea as the focal species. In an incomplete factorial design (Fig. 1) we determined general and specific mixing ability (GMA and SMA, respectively) of pea and barley in analogy to GCA and SCA (general and specific combining ability) in hybrid breeding. Key traits, such as early vigour, canopy height and leaf morphology parameters were measured, due to their potential use as covariates or indirect selection criteria for mixing ability. Our results show that total yield of mixtures can only partly be explained by pea pure stand yields (R² = 0.35), making the latter a weak predictor for mixture yield. Pea GMA variance was predominant over SMA variance which underlines the potential for breeding for mixing ability using a tester. Key traits, such as pea stipule area were correlated (R² = 0.56) with total mixture yield and merit further investigation as indirect selection criteria. The separated yield fractions of pea and barley in mixtures allow to decompose GMA of pea into the producer effect of pea cultivar on pea fraction yield and the associate effect of pea on barley fraction yield. This novel concept allows to elucidate key trait effects on fraction yields of pea and barley which might otherwise be masked when solely using a GMA approach.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Speech
Keywords:mixed cropping, Pisum sativum, Hordeum vulgare, plant breeding, ReMIX
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishmixed croppinghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4871
EnglishPisum sativumhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5933
EnglishHordeum vulgarehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3662
Englishplant breedinghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_5956
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant breeding
European Union > Horizon 2020 > Remix
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:727217
Related Links:https://www.remix-intercrops.eu/
Deposited By: Haug, Benedikt
ID Code:36780
Deposited On:11 Nov 2019 13:45
Last Modified:11 Nov 2019 13:45
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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