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Decentralizing and liberalizing EU regulations on seeds and plant genetic resources. A Danish case study

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Turpin, Grégoire and Boelt, Birte (2019) Decentralizing and liberalizing EU regulations on seeds and plant genetic resources. A Danish case study. Unspecified. [draft]

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Summary

In a context of severe plant genetic diversity erosion, the regulatory framework of the European Union on seeds and plant genetic resources is perceived as a limiting factor to practices aiming to conserve cultivated biodiversity. To create more supportive frameworks, some EU member states liberalized seed trade and landraces cultivation regulations at national or regional level. For this paper, a case study of the 2015 cereal and vegetable seed legislation reform in Denmark has been carried out. Interviews with stakeholders of the seed system, with farmers and project leaders impacted by this change and with key informant on the regulation, from NGOs and public authorities, have been carried out. Inductive and deductive analysis methods enabled the themes and opinions expressed by the interviewee to be extracted and organized. Dialogue and lobby at decentralized scale appeared to have supported the implementation of the reform, thanks to the inclusion of the narrative for cultivated biodiversity conservation in the decision system. The reform created supportive framework for seed exchange between farmers and between gardeners, for the commercial and the non-commercial use of landraces and framed innovative seed system model, based on other trust building strategies. The new regulatory framework mainly decriminalized already implementing practices, but the lack of public support to the framed practices are hindering the creation of more positive effects. Nevertheless, Denmark has now one of the most tolerant legislation for seed trade and landrace cultivation, creating many ‘sidetrack’ next to the ‘highway’ of the formal seed system and proves that decentralization and liberalization of seeds regulations are possible in EU.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Cultivated biodiversity, Seed laws, Varieties Certification, Genetic Erosion, Agricultural Policies
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems
Research affiliation: Denmark > Organic RDD 2.2 > MOVE
Deposited By: Boelt, Head of Research Unit Birte
ID Code:35218
Deposited On:16 Apr 2019 09:02
Last Modified:16 Apr 2019 09:02
Document Language:English
Status:Unpublished
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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