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Exemplary calculations of native thiamine (vitamin B1) and riboflavin (vitamin B2) contents in common cereal-based diets for monogastric animals

Witten, Stephanie and Aulrich, Karen (2018) Exemplary calculations of native thiamine (vitamin B1) and riboflavin (vitamin B2) contents in common cereal-based diets for monogastric animals. [Beispielkalkulationen der Gehalte an Thiamin und Riboflavin in praxisüblichen getreidebasierten Rationen für Monogastrier.] Organic Agriculture, 9 (2), pp. 155-164.

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Online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13165-018-0219-9

Summary

B vitamins, such as thiamine and riboflavin, are often supplemented in diets for farm animals to prevent deficiencies. However, information on the content of these two B vitamins in organic feedstuffs is scarce. Recently, up-to-date information was published by our group. The objective of this work was to use present data to determine the native contents of thiamine and riboflavin in diets used for monogastric animal feeding in organic farming.
We used the results of our recent study on the native thiamine and riboflavin contents of organic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), rye (Secale cereale L.), triticale (Triticosecale L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), oats (Avena sativa L.), field peas (Pisum sativum L.), field beans (Vicia faba L.), and blue lupins (Lupinus angustifolius L.) from various variety field trials, which were conducted throughout Germany over three years, to calculate the minimum and maximum native amounts of thiamine and riboflavin in exemplary practical diets for swine and poultry.
We found that exemplary common cereal-based diets in organic farming exceeded the thiamine recommendations for swine and poultry. However, riboflavin was deficient in most exemplary diets. To increase native riboflavin contents in the diet (i.e., for 100% organic diets), feedstuffs other than cereals and home-grown grain legumes are needed in monogastric animal feeding. In organic farming, roughage plays an important role. The inclusion of grass-clover silage has the potential to increase the native riboflavin contents in the diet. Evaluation of the use of grassland-derived or other products as suppliers of B vitamins, especially for monogastric animal feeding in organic farming, seems promising to improve riboflavin supply.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:BÖLN, BOELN, BÖL, BOEL, FKZ 11OE054, Grain legumes, Cereals, Swine, Poultry
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishgrain legumeshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_3351
Englishcerealshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_1474
EnglishSwinehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7555
Englishpoultryhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_6145
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Pigs
Animal husbandry > Production systems > Poultry
Research affiliation: Germany > Federal Organic Farming Scheme - BOELN > Animals > Animal Feeding
Germany > Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries - VTI > Institute of Organic Farming - OEL
ISSN:1879-4238
DOI:10.1007/s13165-018-0219-9
Related Links:http://www.bundesprogramm.de, https://orgprints.org/cgi/search/advanced?addtitle%2Ftitle=&keywords=11OE054&projects=BOEL&_order=bypublication&_action_search=Suchen
Deposited By: Witten, Dr. Stephanie
ID Code:33378
Deposited On:02 Jul 2018 11:38
Last Modified:24 Jun 2019 11:17
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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