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Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic farming

{Tool} Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic farming. [Vaste rijpaden: een nieuw spoor voor bodembeheer en onkruidbeheersing in biologische landbouw.] Creator(s): Delanote, Lieven; Dewaele, Karel and Jamart, An. Issuing Organisation(s): Inagro. OK-Net Arable Practice abstract, no. 044. (2018)

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PDF - Dutch/Nederlands (Vaste rijpaden: een nieuw spoor voor bodembeheer en onkruidbeheersing in biologische landbouw)
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PDF - English (Controlled traffic farming: A new track for soil and weed control in organic farming)
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Online at: https://orgprints.org/32775

Summary

The soil between the tracks remains undisturbed. Its structure is crumbly and thus optimal for plant growth.
Practical information
• Controlled traffic farming is a system approach that has an effect on the entire farm. Good preparation is necessary, e.g., by getting informed from colleagues who already use CTF.
• Depending on the farm and the available mechanization (esp. working width), there are several ways to work with tramlines. Examples are bed-cultivation with a 1.5 to 3.2 m track width or a default track-width (often 1.5 m) with standardized, often wide machines (3 to 9 m in width).
• Use standard equipment and standard working widths that are used on your own and on neighbouring operations (e.g. farmer-colleagues, agricultural contractors) as much as possible. Also, bear future developments of your own operation in mind.
• Provide tramlines that are 10 to 20 cm wider to minimize the impact on the crop. Light equipment is still required.
• Ensure proper preparation in the field: How do you configure the parcels? Which driving direction will you use? Which side of the parcel will you choose as a reference? Choose AB lines with correct distances to the parcel border.
• It also provides new possibilities for diversity in the plot e.g., strip cultivation/flowers strip that result in more resilient farming systems.

Summary translation

Tussen de sporen blijft de grond onbereden. Hier krijgen we een optimale en kruimelige bodemstructuur waarin gewassen en bodemleven optimaal gedijen.
Praktische informatie
• ‘Vaste rijpaden’ is een systeembenadering met impact op het gehele bedrijf. Een goede voorbereiding is nodig. Laat je inspireren door collega’s die al met CTF aan de slag zijn.
• Afhankelijk van het bedrijf en de beschikbare mechanisatie (vnl. werkbreedte) zijn er verschillende mogelijkheden om met vaste rijpaden aan de slag te gaan. Voorbeelden zijn beddenteelt met 1,5 tot 3,2 m spoorbreedte en ‘standaard spoor’ (vaak 1,5 m) met gestandaardiseerde vaak brede machines (3 tot 9 m breed).
• Ga zoveel mogelijk uit van standaardmachines en werkbreedtes op het eigen bedrijf en in de omgeving (collega boeren, loonwerkers,…). Heb hierbij ook aandacht voor de toekomstige bedrijfsontwikkeling.
• Voorzie de effectieve rijpaden 10 à 20 cm breder om de impact naar het gewas te beperken. Licht materiaal blijft een must.
• Zorg voor een goede voorbereiding te velde: Hoe deel je de percelen in? Welke rijrichting of rechte kant? Correcte AB-lijnen met gepaste aansluiting op de perceelsrand.

EPrint Type:Practice tool
What problem does the tool address?:Each passage with the tractor on the field results in at least superficial soil compaction. In compacted soil, the growth of crops is inhibited and the soil processes are disturbed.
What solution does the tool offer?:With controlled traffic farming (CTF) using real-time kinematic positioning, it is possible to drive on the same track for all operations and create tramlines. Real time kinematic positioning is a technique that enhances the navigation-precision by means of satellite-based positioning systems (like GPS). The approach can be adapted to the specifics of a farm (existing equipment, land, crops, etc.).
Country:Belgium
Type of Practice Tool:Practice abstracts
Theme:Soil quality and fertility, Nutrient management, Weed management
Keywords:nutrient management, precision farming, soil compaction, soil fertility, soil quality, weed management
Keywords:nutrient management, precision agriculture, soil compaction, soil fertility, soil quality, weed management
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
Englishnutrient managementhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_330697
Englishprecision agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_92363
Englishsoil compactionhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7163
Englishsoil fertilityhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_7170
Englishsoil propertieshttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_330883
Englishweed controlhttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_8345
Englisharable farminghttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_36528
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Crop husbandry > Soil tillage
Soil
Crop husbandry > Weed management
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: European Union > Horizon 2020 > OK-Net Arable
International Organizations > International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM > IFOAM EU Group
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:652654
Related Links:http://farmknowledge.org/index.php/search-for-ok-tools?v=32775
Project ID:oknet
Deposited By: Basler, Andreas
ID Code:32775
Deposited On:29 Mar 2018 15:53
Last Modified:23 Jan 2019 12:02
Document Language:English, Dutch/Nederlands
Status:Published

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