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Contribution of organic farming to public goods in Denmark

Jespersen, Lizzie Melby; Baggesen, Dorte Lau; Fog, Erik; Halsnæs, Kirsten; Hermansen, J.E.; Andreasen, Lise; Strandberg, Beate and Halberg, Niels (2017) Contribution of organic farming to public goods in Denmark. Organic Agriculture, 7, pp. 243-266.

PDF - Published Version - English

Online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13165-017-0193-7


The potential contribution of organic farming to the public goods, ‘Nature and Biodiversity’, ‘Environment’, ‘Energy and Climate’, ‘Human Health and Welfare’ and ‘Animal Health and Welfare’ in Denmark is guided and partly secured by the principles and specific requirements of the EU Organic Regulation. However, other factors, such as the production type, farm size, geographical location and—not the least—the management of the farm, also influence the contribution. Using the ban on synthetic pesticides and restricted use of antibiotics, including the requirements to compensate for and prevent such uses in organic farming, as examples, the positive and negative contributions of organic farming in relation to selected public goods were analysed. The contributions of organic farming to Nature and Biodiversity and Human and Animal Health and Welfare are mainly positive compared to conventional farming for all farm types, whilst the effects on Environment and Energy and Climate are mixed; i.e. some effects are positive and others are negative. The analysis revealed a need for further documentation and revision of the organic principles and specific organic requirements— in particular in relation to the public goods Energy and Climate, which at present are not addressed in the EU Organic Regulation. Moreover, some organic farming requirements and practices cause dilemmas; e.g. more space per animal and outdoor access improves Animal Health and Welfare but at the same time has negative effects on Environment, Energy Consumption and Climate Change. These dilemmas should be solved before OA may be fully attractive as an integrated policy measure supporting jointly several public goods objectives.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Organic agriculture, Public goods, Knowledge synthesis, Pesticides, Antibiotics Organic regulation
Subjects: Farming Systems
Food systems > Food security, food quality and human health
Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Research communication and quality
Animal husbandry > Health and welfare
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Research affiliation: Denmark > ICROFS - International Centre for Research in Organic Food Systems
ISSN:ISSN 1879-4238
DOI:DOI 10.1007/s13165-017-0193-7
Deposited By: Krabsen, Janne
ID Code:32338
Deposited On:14 Nov 2017 14:18
Last Modified:14 Nov 2017 14:18
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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