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Soil Microbial Rejuvenation through Soil Resource Recycling as a part of Sustainable Management Programme: A Case Study from Lakhipara Tea Estate, Dooars, West Bengal, India

Seal, A; Datta, A; Saha, S; Chatterjee, AK; Barik, AK; Bhattacharyya, S; Levin, Y; Nain, A.S.; Asthana, A and Bera, R (2016) Soil Microbial Rejuvenation through Soil Resource Recycling as a part of Sustainable Management Programme: A Case Study from Lakhipara Tea Estate, Dooars, West Bengal, India. Research & Reviews: Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 5 (2), pp. 18-34.

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Summary

Quest for sustainability in the Indian tea industry starts on a serious note in the backdrop of several key issues such as impact of climate change on crop productivity, higher intensity of pest and diseases, rampant use of agrochemicals, issue of pesticide residues, increasing mandays cost etc. In this difficult time when most of the tea producers are looking for areas for cost curtailment, Goodricke Group Ltd., initiated the Sustainable Management Programme with the objectivity of producing sustainable teas with low pesticide footprint from the year 2014 onwards. The present study was conducted as a part of the above programme, to evaluate the effectiveness of on-farm generated compost towards soil microbial enrichment.
Large-scale composting was done using Novcom composting method and end product quality was analyzed as per International Standards. Total N, P, K in the mature compost was 1.97%, 0.75%, and 0.87%, respectively but most important was the presence of self-generated microbial population in the order of 1014–1016 c.f.u. The rate of CO2 evolution, nitrification index and phytotoxicity bioassay value confirmed end product maturity and absence of any
toxicity towards root growth. Assessment of Soil development Index (SDI), one year post compost application showed maximum soil development under organic soil management followed by soils receiving integrated soil management whereas nominal variation was documented under conventional soil management. Biological properties of soil were found to play a major contributory role towards variation of SDI value indicating the importance of
microbial rejuvenation towards soil quality development.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Tea, Novcom compost, phytotoxicity, soil development index (SDI)
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Composting and manuring
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Research affiliation: India
ISSN:2278-2206(online)
Deposited By: Bera, Dr. Ranjan
ID Code:31300
Deposited On:21 Apr 2017 14:11
Last Modified:21 Apr 2017 14:11
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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