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Enzyme activities and growth promotion of spinach by indole-3-acetic acid-producing rhizobacteria

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Cakmakci, Ramazan; Erat, Mustafa; Oral, B; Erdogan, Ummugulsum and Sahin, Fikrettin (2009) Enzyme activities and growth promotion of spinach by indole-3-acetic acid-producing rhizobacteria. The Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology, 84, pp. 375-380.

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Summary

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of twelve plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR; Bacillus
mycoides FD07, B. sphaericus RC12, B. pumilus RC19, B. cereus RC18, Variovorax paradoxus RC21, Paenibacillus
polymyxa RC35, Pseudomonas putida RC06, B. megaterium RC07, B. megaterium M-3, B. licheniformis RC08,
B. subtilis RC11, and B. subtilis OSU-142) used as biofertilisers, on various enzyme activities [glucose-6-phosphate
dehydrogenase (G6PD); 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD); glutathione reductase (GR); and glutathione
S-transferase (GST)] and on seedling growth in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). Enhanced plant growth could result
from rhizobacterial production of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The highest IAA-producing rhizobacteria (RC35 and
RC06) produced the highest root and shoot weights. PGPR improved N and P nutrition in spinach, and therefore
stimulated plant growth and key enzyme activities. The responses to inoculation, compared to uninoculated control
plants, were: –1.9% to +36.4% for shoot fresh weights (FWs), –5.5% to +30.1% for root FWs, –3.5% to +29.8% for
shoot dry weights (DWs), –3.8% to +38.5% for root DWs, and –5.9% to +30.1% for leaf areas. Plant growth responses
were variable and dependent on the inoculant strain used, as well as on the enzyme activity and growth parameter
being evaluated. Close correlations between plant shoot growth, PGPR inoculation, and G6PD (r = 0.28*), 6PGD (r
= 0.55**), GR (r = 0.73**), and GST (r = 0. 64**) enzyme activities in spinach have been demonstrated.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:rhizobacteria, Enzyme activities,
Subjects: Soil
Research affiliation: Turkey > Erzurum Atatürk University
Turkey
DOI:10.1080/14620316.2009.11512535
Deposited By: VURAL, Dr. Aysen ALAY
ID Code:31216
Deposited On:20 Feb 2017 08:37
Last Modified:20 Feb 2017 08:37
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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