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Are Organic Standards Sufficient to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture? Lessons From New Zealand’s ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard Projects

Merfield, Charles; Moller, Henrik; Manhire, Jon; Rosin, Chris; Norton, Solis; Carey, Peter; Hunt, Lesley; Reid, John; Fairweather, John; Benge, Jayson; Le Quellec, Isabelle; Campbell, Hugh; Lucock, David; Saunders, Caroline; MacLeod, Catriona; Barber, Andrew and McCarthy, Alaric (2015) Are Organic Standards Sufficient to Ensure Sustainable Agriculture? Lessons From New Zealand’s ARGOS and Sustainability Dashboard Projects. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 4 (3), pp. 158-172.

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Online at: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/sar/article/view/51067

Summary

Our review concludes that organic standards need to account for a broader set of criteria in order to retain claims to ‘sustainability’. Measurements of the ecological, economic and social outcomes from over 96 kiwifruit, sheep/beef and dairy farms in New Zealand between 2004 and 2012 by The Agricultural Research Group on Sustainability (ARGOS) project showed some enhanced ecosystem services from organic agriculture that will assist a “land-sharing” approach for sustainable land management. However, the efficiency of provisioning services is reduced in organic systems and this potentially undermines a “land-sparing” strategy to secure food security and ecosystem services. Other aspects of the farm operation that are not considered in the organic standards sometimes had just as much or even a greater effect on ecosystem services than restriction of Chemical inputs and synthetic fertilisers. An organic farming version of the New Zealand Sustainability Dashboard will integrate organic standards and wider agricultural best practice into a broad and multidimensional sustainability assessment framework and package of learning tools. There is huge variation in performance of farms within a given farming system. Therefore improving ecosystem services depends as much on locally tuned learning and adjustments of farm practice on individual farms as on uptake of organic or Integrated Management farming system protocols.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:ecosystem services, integrated management, organic farming, sustainability indicators
Agrovoc keywords:
LanguageValueURI
EnglishUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Environmental aspects
Values, standards and certification > Regulation
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2014: International conference - Innovation in Organic Food Systems for Sustainable Production and Enhanced Ecosystem Services
ISSN:1927-0518
DOI:10.5539/sar.v4n3p158
Deposited By: Merfield, Dr Charles N
ID Code:29260
Deposited On:23 Nov 2015 11:48
Last Modified:23 Nov 2015 11:48
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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