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N-uptake in winter wheat pure line varieties and winter wheat composite cross populations in the F11

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Brumlop, Sarah and Finckh, Maria R. (2013) N-uptake in winter wheat pure line varieties and winter wheat composite cross populations in the F11. In: Becker, H.C.; Lammerts van Bueren, E.T.; Leifert, C. and Thorup-Kristensen, Kristian (Eds.) Breeding for Nutrient Efficiency - Conference Booklet - Joint Meeting of EUCARPIA Section Organic & Low-Input Agriculture and EU NUE-CROPS Project., p. 21.

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Summary

Introduction
In order to be able to adapt to changing environmental conditions, crop plants need a certain degree of diversity (Stevens 1942, Finckh 2008). The development of genetically diverse populations (composite cross populations, CCPs) instead of breeding entirely homogeneous pure line varieties by standard pedigree breeding methods is a strategy that aims at creating flexible varieties.
Material and Methods
Three winter wheat CCPs from the UK based on 20 modern wheat varieties (A) or a subset of either 12 high quality varieties (Q) or 9 high yielding parents (Y) were used. Since the F5 the CCPs have been grown under organic (O) and conventional (C) conditions in two parallel sets at the University of Kassel without artificial selection applied. In addition, since the F8 two A populations have been maintained as broadcast sown populations without mechanical weed control.
In 2011/12 the F11 of all 14 populations were compared in a replicated field trial to the mixture of the 20 parents and the three commercial wheat cultivars Achat, Akteur, and Capo.
N-uptake of the plants was measured at the beginning of stem elongation, at the flowering stage and in the ripe seeds and straw.
Samples of fresh plants were cut and dried for 72 hours at 60 °C. Seeds and straw were dried after harvesting and all samples were milled and analyzed for N-content using a CHN analyzer.
Nmin in the soil was measured in early spring, at the flowering stage and after harvest.
Results and Discussion
Overall, the differences among the populations in N-uptake appeared small. However, when comparing the conventionally and organically grown populations as two groups, in 2011, at flowering O- populations had taken up approximately 6% more N than the C-populations. These differences were not visible in early cut samples or in seeds and straw.
Comparing N-uptake and the amount of available Nmin in the soil, no strong relationship appears.
Sufficient seeds of the F10 were saved and a second year of field trials is on-going with the same populations in 2012/13. Detailed data including the second years data will be presented.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:plant breeding, winter wheat
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic II > COBRA
Germany > University of Kassel > Department of Ecological Plant Protection
H2020 or FP7 Grant Agreement Number:27954
Related Links:http://research.ncl.ac.uk/nefg/nuecrops/page.php?page=1
Deposited By: Finckh, Prof. M.R.
ID Code:28051
Deposited On:01 Jul 2015 13:54
Last Modified:01 Jul 2015 13:54
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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