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Distinct sporulation dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities from different agroecosystems in long-term microcosms

Oehl, Fritz; Sieverding, Ewald; Ineichen, Kurt; Mäder, Paul; Wiemken, Andres and Boller, Thomas (2009) Distinct sporulation dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities from different agroecosystems in long-term microcosms. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 134 (3-4), pp. 257-268.

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Online at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167880909002266


The aim of this study was to investigate sporulation dynamics of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) communities from agroecosystems differing in land use intensity in long-term experimental microcosms. These were set up with characteristic grassland plants (Lolium perenne, Trifolium pratense, Plantago lanceolata), and inoculated with soils from several grasslands and arable lands subjected to crop rotation or continuous monocropping. The microcosms were maintained under ambient light and temperature conditions over 3 years. A novel, localized sampling scheme was applied for attaining exclusively the newly formed spores at bimonthly intervals. Overall, 39 AMF species were detected by morphological spore identification. Some species were recovered from all sites, others exclusively from arable lands, or grasslands, or from all sites except under maize monocropping. Clear seasonal and successional AMF sporulation dynamics were revealed, implying different life strategies of different AMF species. A first group of Glomus spp., including G. mosseae, sporulated rapidly during the first season. A second group, including G. constrictum and G. fasciculatum, sporulated late in the first season and replaced the first group during subsequent seasons. A large third group, including G. invermaium, G. macrocarpum and G. sinuosum, sporulated much later, in the second or third season. Acaulospora, Archaeospora and Ambispora spp. sporulated mainly during spring and early summer, Scutellospora and Cetraspora spp. only in fall. While in the microcosms derived from arable lands, cumulative species numbers did not increase anymore after 2 years, the numbers still increased significantly in the microcosms from the grasslands indicating longer lasting periods of sporulation cycles. Remarkably, the arable land under organic farming produced the highest AMF species richness, even higher than the grasslands. In conclusion, AMF communities from distinct agro-ecosystems differed in species composition and seasonal and successional sporulation dynamics.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Arbuscular mycorrhiza, Community structure, Biodiversity, Life cycle, Life history strategies, Organic agriculture, Soil Quality, Soil function, Bodenwissenschaften, Bodenfunktionen, Bodenqualität, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal, AMF
Agrovoc keywords:
EnglishArbuscular mycorrhizaUNSPECIFIED
EnglishCommunity structureUNSPECIFIED
Englishlife cyclehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_4317
EnglishLife history strategiesUNSPECIFIED
EnglishOrganic agriculturehttp://aims.fao.org/aos/agrovoc/c_15911
EnglishSoil qualityUNSPECIFIED
EnglishSoil functionUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Soil
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Switzerland > Agroscope > ART - Reckenholz location
Germany > University of Hohenheim
Switzerland > Other organizations
Deposited By: Mäder, Paul
ID Code:26382
Deposited On:17 Jun 2014 19:50
Last Modified:17 Jun 2014 19:50
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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