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Redistribution of sulphur during generative growth of barley with different sulphur and nitrogen status.


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Eriksen, J; Nielsen, M; Mortensen, JV and Schjørring, JK (2001) Redistribution of sulphur during generative growth of barley with different sulphur and nitrogen status. Plant and Soil, 230, pp. 239-246.

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The effect of S and N application on the distribution and redistribution of S compounds in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) was investigated in pot experiments by determination of changes in the content of total-, sulphate- and thiol-S in leaves, ears and stems during the grain-filling period. Nitrogen and sulphur had a clear interactive effect on the yield of all plant parts with little or no effect of S at low N application rates and similar low effect of N without S application. The sulphate concentration in the different plant parts was markedly affected by the S application rate. This effect was most pronounced in leaves, less in stems and least in ears. In S-replete plants leaf S decreased during grain development by an average of 28%, while in S-deficient plants the leaf S content did not change during the grain-filling period. About 70% of leaf N was redistributed to the ears in plants growing at adequate S supply compared with about 35% of leaf N in S-deficient plants. The proportion of ear N and S originating from the redistribution of leaf N and S was 49% and 23%, respectively. This study verifies that S is relatively immobile in plants as the proportion of S redistributed from leaf tissue was considerably smaller than that of N. The results suggest that the availability of soil or root S during grain-filling is important for an adequate S supply to the developing grains as the distribution of S to the ears considerably exceeded the amount exported from the leaves.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF I (1996-2001) > IV.1 Availability and utilisation of potassium, phosphorus and sulphur
Deposited By: Eriksen, Professor Jørgen
ID Code:154
Deposited On:11 Oct 2002
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:27
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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