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Yields and qualities of pigeonpea varieties grown under smallholder farmers’ conditions in Eastern and Southern Africa


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Høgh-Jensen, H; Myaka, F.A.; Sakala, W.D.; Kamalongo, D.; Ngwira, A.; Vesterager, J.M.; Odgaard, R. and Adu-Gyamfi, J.J. (2007) Yields and qualities of pigeonpea varieties grown under smallholder farmers’ conditions in Eastern and Southern Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2 (6), pp. 269-278.

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Pigeonpea is one of the few crops with a high potential for resource-poor farmers due to its complementary resource use when intercropped with maize. A three year comprehensive comparative study on the performance of six pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) varieties on farmers’ fields in Eastern and Southern Africa where intercropping with maize is normal practice, was undertaken. The varieties were tested for accumulation of dry matter (DM), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in all above-ground organs for three years under farmers’ conditions. The study revealed that the latest introduced ICEAP 00040 outperformed all the other tested varieties (ICP 9145; ICEAP 00020, ICEAP 00053, ICEAP 00068, and a local variety called “Babati White”) under farmer-managed conditions. The harvest indices (HI), ranging from 0.08-0.15 on dry matter (DM) basis, were relatively low and unaffected (P>0.05) by the environmental variation. The N harvest index (NHI) was 0.28 and P harvest index (PHI) was 0.19. The better responses of ICEAP00040 to favourable conditions could however only be realised in a minority of cases as yields generally were low. These low yields are still a major challenge in African smallholder agriculture as pulses play an important role in soil fertility maintenance as well as in the household diets.

EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Cajanus cajan; genotypic variation; ICRISAT East African pigeonpea (ICEAP); nutrient deficiencies; pigeonpea
Subjects: Farming Systems
Farming Systems > Farm nutrient management
Farming Systems > Social aspects
Research affiliation: Denmark > KU - University of Copenhagen
Deposited By: Jensen, Dr Henning Høgh
ID Code:11465
Deposited On:09 Oct 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:35
Document Language:English
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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