Information about the Organic Eprints archive and its policy, and some information on copyright issues can be found in About
. Many general questions in relation to depositing ones papers in open archives are answered in the Self-archiving FAQ
at Eprints.org. If you cannot find answers to your questions in any of these places, please contact the archive administrator (see email address at the bottom of the page).
Help for all users (whether registered or not)
Help for registered users
- 1. Browsing
- 2. Searching
- 2.1 Simple versus advanced search
- 2.2 Text search fields
- 2.3 Lists of values
- 2.4 Tick boxes fields
- 2.5 Defining an advanced search
- 2.6 Results of searches
HELP FOR ALL USERS (WHETHER REGISTERED OR NOT)
Main menu bar at the top of the homepage:
: information on Organic Eprints, including policy, open access, copyright issues and statistics.
: described in section 1 below.
: described in section 2 below.
: the latest eprints entered into Organic Eprints.
Browsing is a good way to find papers (i.e. eprints) if you don't have a specific idea of what you're looking for. You do not have to create an account or login in order to browse. To browse the archive either select Browse
from the front page or from the navigation bar at the top of the screen. Then choose the category you wish to browse, i.e. subject area, research affiliation (country / organization /project), year, eprint type, document language, research funders. You will be presented with a list of sub-categories. There might be seeral sub-levels under a category. Select one sub-category to obtain the list of references to eprints in the archive (if any) which match this sub-category.
To access a paper, simply click on its reference in the display. On the abstract page, you can see documents attached to the eprint, and other details of the publications. You also see subjects and research affiliation for this eprint. Clicking on one of these will take you back to browsing by that subject or research affiliation, and finding all eprints related to this subject or research affiliation.
To export the list, select one of the export categories in the export roll-down menu at the top of the page.
2.1 Simple versus advanced search
The archive offers two levels of search, simple
, the advanced search allowing you to perform a finer-grained search. Access:
- simple search using the search section on the home page, or clicking on the search link in the navigation bar at the top of the screen.
- advanced search using the link in the search section of the homepage, or the link at the top of the simple search page.
The different types of search fields are described below.
2.2 Text search fields
To search by fields such as keywords, author, title, full text. These fields have a text entry area, a popup menu just to the left of it and a ? sign
. Type your search term(s) into the box(es). Click on the ? sign
to the right of a specific field for some help on what to enter in that field.
You can decide how the system will use your search terms by selecting from the roll-down menu on the right of the field.
- All of: The system will search for eprints containing all the terms you typed.
- Any off: The system will search for eprints containing either of the terms you typed.
Date. When searching with the date field, you can specify a single year or range of years that you are interested in:
- 1999 retrieves only records with the year ‘1999’;
- 1987-1990 retrieves records with years between 1987 and 1990 inclusive;
- 1995- retrieves records with the year 1995 or later;
- -1998 retrieves records with years up to and including 1998.
2.3 Lists of values
For these fields, the search options are displayed as lists or as roll-down menus. You can select one or more values. If no value in the list or menu is selected, the system will not use that field to find eprints (i.e. it will retrieve eprints with any value of this field). If you select several values, you can decide how the system will use them by selecting from the roll-down menu on the right of the list:
2.4 Tick boxes fields
- All of: The system will search for eprints with all the values you selected
- Any of: The system will search for eprints with either of the values you selected.
Select the value(s) you wish to search for. If no box is ticked, the system will not use that field to find eprints (i.e. it will retrieve eprints with any value in this field).
If you tick several boxes, you can decide how the system will use them by selecting from the roll-down menu on the right of the field:
2.5 Defining an advanced search
- All of: The system will search for eprints with all the boxes you selected
- Any of: The system will search for eprints with either of the boxes you selected.
At the bottom of the advanced search page, two fields allow you to define your search.
Retrieved records must fulfill:
- All of these conditions: The system will search for eprints containing all your search options;
- Any of these conditions: The system will search for eprints containing any of your search options.
Order the results: allows you to order the search results by author’s name, eprint type, date etc.
2.6 Results of searches
On the screen displaying the results, you can:
- Access the eprint by clicking on the title
- Access directly the file(s) attached to the eprint
- Choose to refine search (for example to restrict your search using another field)
- Export results (choose the exporting format in the roll-down menu)
- Reorder the search results (for example by date instead of by author).
If you are registered and were logged in when starting the search, you have the additional possibility to save the search and be informed when new eprints are deposited that fit that search (see section 6 below).
HELP FOR REGISTERED USERS
3. Creating an account
You need an account for certain services, such as depositing eprints or creating saved searches. Click on create an account on the home page. Fill in your title/given name (first name) and family name, email address, username, password. The system will email you a confirmation URL, needed for activating your password. Click on the link to activate your password. You are now in your work area (see 4. below).
4. Your work area: components
To access your work area from the home page, click on login and enter your username and password. The system brings you by default to the manage deposits page. To logout of your work area, click on logout at the right of the navigation menu. If you have forgotten your password, click on reset and follow instructions.
In your work area, you can manage deposits, modify your profile, access your saved searches and logout. These different components are explained in sections 5, 6 and 7 below.
5. Your profile
To complete your profile, click on the link in your work area. Your profile page shows your account details (email address and password) and your personal details (name, address, country).
5.1 Account details
5.2 Personal details
- Email address: can be modified.
- Hide email: if you tick this box, your email address will not be displayed on your public summary page.
- Password: your password is not displayed in that field. Use this field only if you wish to change your password.
Some of this information will be associated with the eprints you upload; some of it is purely for internal archive use. General information like your name, URL, address and e-mail address are public in some parts of the system, so it is not inadvisable to put down a home address. A postal address is not required.
Please indicate your country name (official name as per ISO code "http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/iso3list.asp?lang=en" for archive management purposes.
6. Saved searches
Registered users can save a search and receive an email notification when new eprints are deposited which fit that search. Login as a user, carry out a search, in the result page click on save search
. The next screen advises you of a successfully stored search and let you choose several parameters for your search:
- Search name: modify the name given by the system and choose a more “user-friendly” name.
- Email alert: to receive an email alert when new eprints are added which match your search, at a frequency to be chosen (never, once per day, once per week, once per month.
- Mail empty results: choose whether you want to receive periodic notifications even if there are no new eprints matching your search.
- Make public URL to this search? If you select yes, you will be able to link to your search using its URL (e.g. in an email or on a website). If you select no, the search will be visible only to you through your saved searches screen.
Once you have created saved searches, the list of their names shows on that page with buttons in front of each search, allowing you to: do search, view and modify settings, or remove.
7. Manage deposits
This page displays a table containing your eprints in Organic Eprints. If your workspace is empty, which will be the case when you first visit the page, you can start adding eprints by using the button New item (see 8. Creating and depositing a new item).
7.1 Buttons new items and import items
- New item button: to start depositing an eprint (see section 8).
- Import item button: to import eprints from other databases (see section 9)
7.2 Table of your eprints
Your eprints table contains different categories of eprints, displayed with different background colours. Eprints in the different categories can be displayed or hidden by ticking the boxes at the top of the table:
- User workarea: eprints you have started to enter, but have not submitted yet. These are not visible to users.
- Under review: eprints you have submitted and are under review by an editor. These are not visible to users.
- Live archive: eprints you have submitted and have been accepted by the editor. These are visible to users.
- Retired: your eprints that have been retired from the archive and are not visible to users or to you anymore.
To reorder the list of eprints: Click on the title of the column you want to sort by. Clicking a second time will reverse the order.
To modify the data displayed: use the add a new column roll-down menu at the bottom of the page to select the new column to be displayed. Remove a column by clicking on the X at the bottom of that column. Move columns to the right or the left by clicking on the arrows at the bottom of that column.
To perform some actions on the eprints displayed, use the icons to the right of that eprint:
- View item: to see the information entered for the eprint (the only possible action for your eprints which are already in the live archive)
- Destroy items: this is available only for eprints not yet submitted (i.e. in the category user work area). If you wish to delete one of your eprints under review or in the live archive, please contact the administrator and indicate the reasons.
- Edit item: to modify the information entered for the eprint. This is available only for eprint not yet submitted (i.e. in the category user work area). If you wish to modify one of your eprints under review or in the live archive, please contact your national editor or the administrator.
- Submit item: to submit the eprint for the archive. Once submitted, the eprint will be in the category under review. It will be reviewed by an editor, who will then transfer it to the live archive. If there are problems with the record (scope of the paper, information missing, file, etc.), the editor will contact you.
If you click on view item, you have the possibility to choose one of the tabs.
- Details shows you all the information entered for this eprint
- Summary shows what will be displayed to visitors when displaying the item
- Actions contains some features also available in the tabs or buttons (return item, delete item, move to repository, edit item) and interesting other features:
- new version: to submit a new version of this item. It will create an exact copy which you can then make changes to. This item and the new version will be linked.
- use as template: to create a new item using this item as a template. There will be no connection between the two items.
- return to work area: to send the eprint back to your work area.
- reindex item: do not use.
- Edit: to edit item (as available in several other places)
- Export: click on the format you wish to export to
- History: the actions which have been performed on this item.
8. Creating and depositing a new eprint
8.1 General considerations
- to start creating a new eprint, click on the button new item in your manage deposits page.
- The depositing process is divided into 6 stages with 6 forms to be filled (type, details, subjects, affiliation, upload, deposit), which show as buttons at the top of the screen. You can move between these by clicking on next/previous, or by clicking directly on the buttons. Always start with Type as this influences the information required at other stages. Once you've entered the relevant information, click on the button Next button at the top of the entry page. If there are any omissions from the data, the system will give you details of what is wrong.
- If you start uploading a paper, you are not obliged to complete the process in one operation. The button Save for later on each of the 6 forms allows you to save the record and continue editing it later. Eprints that you are in the process of uploading are in your manage deposits page, in the category user work area. To continue working on an eprint saved for later, go to your manage deposits area, and select the icon edit item to the right of the eprint title.
- To the right of each field, there is a ? sign with short help of what should be put in the field.
- Red stars indicate fields that are compulsory and need to be filled out.
Important: to create a new eprint from one of your existing eprints (either in the archive, or under review or in your user area), go to the original eprint in your manage deposits table, click on the icon view to the right of the title, go to the tab actions and use either: new version (to submit a new version of this item. It will create an exact copy which you can then make changes to. This item and the new version will be linked); or use as template (Create a new item using the item as a template. There will be no connection between the two items).
Types of input field you may see while completing the forms:
- Text boxes. Type the relevant information in, or copy and paste directly from your document.
- Checkboxes. Tick the most appropriate option.
- Roll-down menus. Select the most appropriate option.
- Tree lists. Browse the different levels of the tree by clicking on + signs, select one or more appropriate options from the list by clicking on add. You can choose as many options as you wish.
- Page ranges. Type the first page into the left-hand box and the last page in the right-hand box. If the range consists of a single page, enter the page number into the left-hand box, and leave the right-hand box empty.
Select the one option on the list that best described your paper. The option you choose here will affect what information about your deposit the system will collect in later stages.
Fields that are common to most types of eprints
- Title: the title of your eprint.
- Title translation: to enter a translation of the title. This is especially recommended if the deposited document is not in English. The translated title will be shown in square brackets  in the citation.
- Document language: choose the language that the deposited document is written in. If the language is not on the list, please request that it is added in the box "Comments and Suggestions" further down the page.
- Status: whether your document has been published, is currently in the process of being published (in press), has been submitted for publications (submitted) or has not been previously published (unpublished).
- Date: The date this EPrint was completed, submitted to a publisher, published or submitted for a Ph.D. For publications, this should be the publication date. The year is compulsory, whereas the month and day are optional.
- Date Type: The event to which the date applies, i.e. publication, submission, completion.
- Authors: Enter family name and given name or initials in the format given on the first page or title page of the document. If there are more than four authors, click on the button More input rows. The email address is optional. Note that empty boxes are ignored. To remove names from a list just remove the name from the relevant boxes and leave it empty. Don't worry about leaving a blank box in the middle of the list; the system will “bunch up” the list.
- Corporate authors: Companies that are considered authors of the deposited document
- Editor: the name of the editor(s) of the document.
- Online at: if your document has been published online, please include the URL, with the initial http://. For Web products, this link is shown in the citation. Always give a direct link (the full URL) to the document, and not just to the hosting website. For publications from commercial publishers, such as Science Direct, please use the persistent Digital Object Identifier (DOI) if available. The DOI has the form doi: long-number - a hyperlink URL for a DOI is constructed like this: http://dx.doi.org/long-number.
- Place of publication: Locality of the publisher. Use city or town then country. If the city is not known, then just use country. Example: Southampton, UK; Brazil.
- Summary: A summary of the document content. If the document has a formal abstract then that is what should be entered here. No complicated text formatting is possible.
- Summary translation: consider entering an additional summary in another language (preferably in English if your document is in another language). This will also increase visibility of your eprint.
- Contact email address: If the full-text is not available to the public, then requests to view the full-text will be sent to this email. The email address will not be made public.
- Related links: If your deposit is part of a larger context that is available on-line, such as the homepage of a project or a conference, please enter the full URL of the relevant front page here (including the initial http://). To indicate a direct link to your eprint, use the field online at, and not related links.
Only a few fields are listed below. A help text is available by clicking on the ? sign by each of the fields.
- Refereed - whether this version of the work has been refereed (not peer reviewed, submitted for peer review but not yet accepted; peer reviewed and accepted)
- Title of Publication - The title of the broader publication to which the deposited document belongs (e.g a book for book chapter, a report for report chapter, a journal for a journal paper, a newspaper or magazine for a newspaper article, proceedings or book for conference papers).
- ISSN - Unique code identifying a serial (example: 1055-0143; 0891-060X)
- ISBN - Unique code identifying a book (example: 1 871438 57 8, 067157826X)
Some additional information can be entered at the bottom of the screen. Click on + signs by the name of the field to see the content and help for each.
Subjects are selected by clicking on the label add
next to the subject. The selected subject(s) are show above the complete tree, with the label remove
next to it, to allow you to remove that subject in case of mistake. Select at least one main subject category, and optionally other subject categories you think are appropriate for your submission, from the list.
- try to be as accurate as possible
- it is a good idea to select maximum 3 subjects in total, and to not just select lots of categories.
- if you are unsure, just pick the categories you are sure of.
- please carefully browse down the tree and do not systematically choose a subject at the higher level.
If you think there is a serious omission from the subject category list, please suggest a new category by contacting the administrator. Especially if you choose the category country report and the country concerned is not listed, please notify the administrator.
This relates to the project or organization that created the eprint. How to select the affiliation: Browse the list using the + signs, and select by clicking on the label add. The selected affiliation(s) shown before the complete tree, with the label remove, which allows you to remove that affiliation. Research affiliations are listed under countries, or international organizations, or international conferences, or European Union (for projects, for example CertCost or CORE Organic). If you think a research affiliation is missing, please contact the administrator, especially if a country is missing or a research institute under a country.
You may attach one or several documents to your eprint. Each document is composed of one or several files and some additional information (e.g. restriction rights, type of file, etc.).
Important. Files should follow some rules. This includes:
- Do not use special characters in the file name (e.g. blanks, accents etc.)
- Choose a clear name for your file, preferably following the format "authorname-year-keyword.doc"
- Make sure that the document is citable, i.e. the file should contain name of author, year, name of publication, place of publication/journal name, so that it can be quoted, if somebody prints it out and forgot where s/he got it from.
You should first select the tab of the type of file you wish to upload to your document:
- File: the simplest option, to load a separate file
- Zip file and Tar.gz file: to be used to load an archive/compressed file archive. For example, your paper may be stored in several separate files. This is often the case if your paper is stored in HTML format and contains figures. You can use a ZIP tool (available on all operating systems) or the “tar” and “compress” tools (commonly used on UNIX systems) to collect all those files into one compacted file, and then load that file.
- From URL: If your paper is up on the Web already, this option will let you specify the URL of that paper. The archive software will copy your paper from that Web site. You should be careful with this option, though; and read the “uploading from an existing Web site” section below.
Note: you can upload either all documents in the eprint, and then fill in the options for each of them, or upload a document, complete its options, then upload the next one, etc.
For file, zip, tar or gz
Once you are on one of these tabs, click the browse button, select the file and then click on upload. On the resulting screen, you may create additional documents, by using again browse and upload.
In many cases (e.g. PDF, Word, Postscript) one document is composed of only one file. However, you may upload several files in one document (e.g. an HTML document containing images). In this case, you should load first the first file in the document that a reader should be presented with, e.g. the .html file if your document is in HTML format (before entering the images), or the contents page if your document is spread over several uploaded several HTML documents. Then click on the link need to add additional files to this document? in the documents option, and you can then browse and upload more files for that document.
If you selected the tab from URL, enter the full URL of the first page of the actual document; do not just enter the URL of the Web site the document appears in or the URL of an index or contents page. See the section uploading from an existing Web site below.
For all documents
Once you have uploaded one or several documents, you will see, for each document uploaded, an icon representing the file(s) attached to it, and options of the document. Click on the link show options to the right of the icon if the options are not visible. Options needs to be filled in for each document attached to the eprint.
Options shown for each document
- Content type: The content of this document (e.g. submitted preprint or published version, conference paper or presentation), as opposed to the format. Chose from the list or choose Other. The content type will be displayed together with the link to your document.
- Language: primary language of the document
- Format: the file format of the document you have uploaded. We recommend using PDF or HTML format to ensure maximum accessibility. You may furthermore add a document in the source file format that your document was written in (e.g. Word, TeX, WordPerfect), which can be used for your future editing and writing.
- Other content or format: if the content or format was not in the lists above, add a short description here. It will be displayed together with the link to your document.
- Visible to: allows you to choose the level of access restriction for this document. Please select as open access as possible. A contact email is recommended if access is restricted. The categories are:
- Open access: means access to anyone with internet access (default).
- Registered users: access only to registered users at Organic Eprints (there are currently over 11.000 registered users, so this should not be used as a way to strictly limit access)
- Depositor and staff only: access only to yourself and the archive staff. You can use this option for any additional source files that are archived only for your own future use. This is useful for the papers with stricter copyright requirements. Other users will see the information entered for the eprint (e.g. title, authors, summary), but will not be able to open the files attached. Official evaluators can be granted access to all the publications from specific organizations upon agreement with these organizations.
- License: Specifies an explicit license for this document (does not affect the access rights you grant). This repository allows Creative Commons licenses. Leave unspecified if this does not apply.
- Embargo expiry date: The date that a publisher- or sponsor-imposed embargo expires. On and after this date, this document will be made publicly accessible. Examples: 2010 - document made publicly accessible on 1st January 2010; 2010 June - document made publicly accessible on 1st June 2010; 2010 June 15 –document made publicly accessible on 15 June 2010.
Do not forget to use Update document at the bottom of the document’s information to save the options. Delete document allows you to remove the document.
Convert document format: allows you to convert this specific file to another format and attach that new file to the document. Select the format you wish to convert it to and click Convert. Your old file will not be lost. The conversion will create a new document with file attached. Important: the options attached to the old document are not transferred and need to be filled in the new document.
When you're happy that you've uploaded all of the documents, it is recommended that you make sure that uploads have all worked, by trying to open the files, and to come back and fix anything that's amiss.
Notes on uploading from an existing website
When you give the archive a URL to retrieve your document from, the archive stores a copy of the file stored at that URL. If the URL is an HTML file, the archive will also copy the images associated with that HTML file, and other HTML files linked to it.
You must supply the URL of the first page of document itself: NOT the URL of the whole Web site, or the URL of any contents page listing multiple documents, index page or abstract page. Example: http://www.myinstitution.edu/~myhomepage/paper.html and NOT www.myinstitution.edu/~myhomepage/
In order to prevent the archive from trying to copy the whole World Wide Web by following every single link, some rules are applied when the system collects your document:
- Only files reached by “relative”' links are retrieved. For example, if the HTML contains a link to node1.html then node1.html will be copied. If the link points to http://somewebsite.edu/bar.html, then that URL will not be copied.
- Only files at the same depth or deeper in the Web site file hierarchy are retrieved. For example, if a link points to /index.html or ../index.html, the file will not be copied.
If something does go wrong, it's normally best to delete that file and try another uploading method.
This is the final stage of the process, allowing you to submit an item, which will then be reviewed by an editor.
Before you go to the deposit stage, it is recommended that you carefully check that all information has been uploaded correctly at the different stages. You should in particular check that the document files have been uploaded correctly, including any associated figures and links. If you spot mistakes, you can correct them on the relevant information page. If you're satisfied that everything is correct and has been uploaded correctly, click on deposit. You reach the deposit agreement page.
Any missing information or internal inconsistency within the information entered for the eprint is indicated in an orange field at the top of the page. You have to provide missing information and check inconsistencies before being able to deposit the eprint.
Once you have done that, and read, understood and complied with the agreement on that page, click on the Deposit button to deposit your eprint in the archive. It will then be put in the archive buffer.
The next screen confirms that your item has been deposited, and informs you that it will not appear on the public website until it has been checked by an editor. It also displays all the forms as filled. An editor will then review the eprint and either transfer it to the archive or contact you for more information.
9. Importing items
The button Import items
is available from your manage deposits
page in your work area. It allows you to import information from external sources, such as Pubmed or DOI (Digital Object Identifier), into an eprint record. Different formats can be used: Pubmed ID, Pubmed XML, DOI system or XML. For details, see: http://www.eprints.org/software/training/users/depositing.php
If you cannot find answers to your questions in this help, please contact the archive administrator or your national editor. Addresses are given in the Contact page.