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Verminderung von Alkaloiden in der Nahrungskette durch die züchterische Verbesserung der Mutterkorn-Resistenz von Winterroggen

Miedaner, Thomas; Daume, Carola; Mirdita, Vilson; Schmiedchen, Brigitta and Geiger, Hartwig H. (2007) Verminderung von Alkaloiden in der Nahrungskette durch die züchterische Verbesserung der Mutterkorn-Resistenz von Winterroggen. [Reduction of alcaloids in the food chain by genetic improvement of ergot resis-tance in winter rye.] Paper at: Zwischen Tradition und Globalisierung - 9. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Universität Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Deutschland, 20.-23.03.2007.

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Summary

Rye as an outcrossing crop is highly susceptible to ergot infection caused by Claviceps purpurea. It is ecologically the best solution to avoid the infection already in the field by growing resistant varieties. Aim of our study is the analysis of inheritance of self-fertile rye material for ergot resistance and alcaloid content. Sixty CMS inbred lines and their 90 CMS crosses were tested in pollen-isolated fields in three environ-ments under the conditions of Ecological Farming by artificial inoculation. The sclerotia weight per head was evaluated as resistance trait. Both, CMS lines and testcrosses showed significant genotypic differences at the individual environments. Correlation between both groups was significant (r=0,6-0,7; P=0,01). The alcaloid contents and the alcaloid spectra of 25 CMS lines revealed no genotypic difference. Breeding of self-fertile rye for a higher resistance to ergot should be successful on the long run.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Verbraucherschutz, Lebensmittelqualität, Pflanzenzüchtung, BÖL, BOEL, FKZ 03OE600
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2007: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture > 1 Plant and Soil > 1.3 Plant breeding
Germany > Federal Organic Farming Scheme - BOELN > Plants > Pflanzenzüchtung
Germany > University of Hohenheim > State Plant Breeding Institute
Related Links:http://www.bundesprogramm-oekolandbau.de, http://www.bundesprogramm.de/fkz=03OE600, http://orgprints.org/perl/search/advanced?addtitle%2Ftitle=&keywords=03OE600&projects=BOEL&_order=bypublication&_action_search=Suchen
Deposited By: Miedaner, Dr. Thomas
ID Code:9419
Deposited On:11 May 2007
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:34
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:Die endgültige Version des Beitrags ist veröffentlicht in:
S. Zikeli, W. Claupein, S. Dabbert, B. Kaufmann, T. Müller und A. Valle Zárate, Hrsg. (2007)
Zwischen Tradition und Globalisierung – 9. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, Universität Hohenheim, Deutschland, 20.-23. März 2007, http://orgprints.org/10742/

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