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Functional Compost

Luxhøi, Jesper; Brøgger, Morten; Knudsen, Inge M.B.; Poulsen, Pernille H.B.; Møller, Jacob; Jensen, Birgit; Jensen, Dan F. and Magid, Jakob (2006) Functional Compost. In: The ORBIT 2006 Conference Proceedings publication.

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Summary

The aim of the research program Functional Compost is to develop and test compost, which have been enriched with chitin, for plant growth promoting properties and to recognise specific mechanisms. Two types of compost were included in the program: source separated biodegradable municipal solid waste compost (DM = 62 %) and garden and park waste compost (DM = 66 %). Chitin was added in trace amounts during the maturity phase, combined with two levels of trace amounts immediately before adding the compost to the growth medium. The research program includes several parallel experiments. In experiment I, compost (20 vol. %) was added to soil (no plants) and incubated at 15 C for 5 month, under regular determination of microbial respiration and gross and net N mineralization. There was a significant increase in respiration due to chitin enrichment, which could not be explained by the amount of C derived from the chitin, which therefore suggest a priming effect. The N analyses are still being processed in the laboratory, but data are expected to be available at the conference. In experiment II, compost was mixed with sand, put into pots in a climate chamber, and spring barley seeds infected with Fusarium culmorum were sown in the pots. After 3 weeks of growth, the health of the plants was determined, and the chitinase activity in the sand was measured. The health of the plants and the chitinase activity was significantly higher in the treatments receiving municipal waste compared to the treatments receiving garden waste compost. However, there was no clear effect of the chitin enrichment. Additionally, the microbial community structure of the two types of compost, with and without early chitin, was determined by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE). There was a clear separation between compost types, and with or without early chitin amendment. Experiment III is a regular growth experiment, and is running right now. Compost has been incorporated into soil, put into pots in the greenhouse, and spring barley is grown for 2 month before determination for wet and dry weight and N uptake. Data from experiment III is expected to be available at the conference.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Compost, chitin, soil application
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Soil > Soil quality
Research affiliation: Denmark > KU-LIFE - Faculty of Life Sciences
Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > III.3 (CRUCIAL) Closing the rural-urban nutrient cycle
Denmark > Other organizations
Related Links:http://www.solum.dk/, http://www.dffe.dk/
Deposited By: Magid, Assoc. Prof. Jakob
ID Code:9214
Deposited On:11 Sep 2006
Last Modified:18 Jul 2012 09:36
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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