home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Water-flushing toilets: systemic development and path-dependent characteristics and their bearing on technological alternatives

Quitzau, Maj-Britt (2006) Water-flushing toilets: systemic development and path-dependent characteristics and their bearing on technological alternatives. Technology in Society. [In Press]

[img] Source file
Limited to [Depositor and staff only]

88Kb

Summary

In this study, I analyse the historical process that led to embedding of water-flushing toilets in the Western world, then I explore innovative developments connected to alternative toilet solutions that use less water. The core argument is that path-dependent characteristics are found at both the systemic level and the level of daily practices. Systemic development and its embedding into daily practice are described based on existing studies of water supply and sewage systems, with a discussion of how daily practices changed and contributed to a lock-in. Then current attempts to introduce alternative toilet solutions are analysed. I conclude by suggesting that established water-flushing routines impede the distribution of alternative toilet solutions, although some potential remains.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Toilets; Water-flushing toilets; Sewage; Path-dependence
Subjects: Values, standards and certification > Technology assessment
Research affiliation: Denmark > SOAR - Research School for Organic Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited By: Quitzau, MSc. Maj-Britt
ID Code:9176
Deposited On:07 Sep 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:34
Document Language:English
Status:In Press
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page