Peil, A.; Lesemann, S.; Dunemann, F.; Höfer, M.; Flachowsky, H. and Hanke, V.-M. (2006) Resistenzzüchtung in Dresden-Pillnitz - Der Apfel. [Resistance Breeding at Dresden-Pillnitz - Apple.] In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) ecofruit - 12th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 31st January to 2nd February 2006 at Weinsberg/Germany, Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Weinsberg, Germany, pp. 161-164.
The Institute of Fruit Breeding has a long tradition in breeding resistant apple cultivars. Systematic resistance breeding started in the 1930 ties in Müncheberg. Material developed in Müncheberg was transferred in the 1970 ties to the Institute for Fruit Research, the antecessor of the Institute of Fruit Breeding. Based on this material, a couple of multiple resistant cultivars were generated. The time schedule for combining biotic and abiotic resistant traits which demonstrates the long-lasting period necessary for systematic resistance breeding is given. An overview of resistant cultivars of Dresden-Pillnitz and the respective resistant traits is presented. This assortment of cultivars was developed to provide a resistant cultivar for each ripening group and every application in fruit growing.
Modern resistance breeding is focused on quality and combination of different resistance genes for each pathogene to achieve durable resistance. Selection is facilitated by genetic markers. Likewise the look for new resistance genes, the analyses of genetics and the development of basic material are main areas of interest. Practical approaches in apple breeding to reach these aims are reported.
|EPrint Type:||Conference paper, poster, etc.|
|Type of presentation:||Paper|
|Keywords:||Institut für Obstzüchtung, Resistenzzüchtung, Genetik, Apfelschorf, Apfelmehltau, Feuerbrand|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection|
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
|Research affiliation:|| Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO|
International Conferences > 2006: Ecofruit
|Related Links:||http://www.ecofruit.net, http://www.foeko.de/ecofruit.htm|
|Deposited By:||Boos, Markus|
|Deposited On:||17 Jul 2006|
|Last Modified:||26 Aug 2010 10:35|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
|Additional Publishing Information:||The proceedings are available as paperback at Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, www.foeko.de|
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