Kellehals, Markus and Duffy, Brion (2006) Use of genetic resources and partial resistances for apple breeding. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) ecofruit - 12th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 31st January to 2nd February 2006 at Weinsberg/Germany, Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, pp. 151-156.
Modern apple breeding strategies are mainly considering the most advanced selections and culti-vars as parents. This tends to lead to a narrowed genetic basis. The introgression of traditional va-rieties and accessions of the gene pool is often feared due to undesirable characteristics that might be incorporated. However, there is scope for considering a wider genetic basis in apple breeding to support sustainable fruit production systems. The focus at Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil (ACW) is put on high fruit quality combined with low susceptibility to scab (Venturia inaequalis), fire blight (Erwinia amylovora), and powdery mildew (Podosphaera leucotricha). The Swiss scab and fire blight resistance research programs are focused on developing and applying molecular markers for resistance factors. In this context we are also mining our national germplasm collections of heritage varieties. Heritage varieties are traditional and/or special use apple varieties. Many of them were discovered in the course of a national inventory over the past 5 years. As a result of this inventory, 1’100 apple and 670 pear accession are being added into the germplasm collections. They will be evaluated in the coming years for different fruit and tree characters.
|EPrint Type:||Conference paper, poster, etc.|
|Type of presentation:||Paper|
|Keywords:||apple genetic resources, scab, fire blight, resistance|
|Subjects:|| Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection|
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
|Research affiliation:||Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO|
|Deposited By:||Boos, Markus|
|Deposited On:||17 Jul 2006|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2010 07:33|
|Refereed:||Peer-reviewed and accepted|
|Additional Publishing Information:||The proceedings are available as paperback at Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, www.foeko.de|
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