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Biologische Bekämpfung der Blutlaus Eriosoma lanigerum HAUSM. durch den Einsatz der Blutlauszehrwespe Aphelinus mali HALD.

Hetebrügge, K.; Fieger-Metag, N.; Kienzle, J.; Zebitz, C.P.W. and Zimmer, J. (2006) Biologische Bekämpfung der Blutlaus Eriosoma lanigerum HAUSM. durch den Einsatz der Blutlauszehrwespe Aphelinus mali HALD. [Biological Control of Woolly Apple Aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum HAUSM.) with Aphelinus mali HALD.] In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) ecofruit - 12th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 31st January to 2nd February 2006 at Weinsberg/Germany, Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, pp. 36-42.

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Summary

The release of Aphelinus mali HALD. from artificial rearing for the control of Woolly Apple Aphid (Eriosoma lanigerum HAUSM.) was tested in field trials. The release of adults proved to be more suitable than the release of cards with parasitized mummies as practised in the first trial. Setting free adult A. mali at the beginning of June reduced the aphid population, though its efficiency was not high enough to prevent damage of the trees totally. The practical applications of A. mali in early spring (after blossom) were not effective because climatic conditions were not suitable enough. The fertility of A. mali depends on temperature and light intensity.
The application of Micula (rape oil) and T-S forte reduced the growth of the aphid population effectively. These substances may be used in a combined strategy to improve the successful subsequent release of A. mali. Possible phytotoxic effects, however, must be considered in this context.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Aphelinus mali, Eriosoma lanigerum, Woolly Apple Aphid, Blutlaus, Blutlauszehrwespe, Apfel
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO
Related Links:http://www.foeko.de/ecofruit.htm
Deposited By: Boos, Markus
ID Code:8808
Deposited On:11 Jul 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:33
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted
Additional Publishing Information:The proceedings are available as paperback at Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, www.foeko.de

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