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Codling moth granulovirus: Variations in the susceptibility of local codling moth populations

Fritsch, Eva; Undorf-Spahn, Karin; Kienzle, Jutta; Zebitz, Claus P.W. and Huber, Jürg (2006) Codling moth granulovirus: Variations in the susceptibility of local codling moth populations. In: Boos, Markus (Ed.) 12th International Conference on Cultivation Technique and Phytopathological Problems in Organic Fruit-Growing: Proceedings to the Conference from 31st January to 2nd February 2006 at Weinsberg/Germany, Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau e.V. (FÖKO), Traubenplatz 5, D-74189 Weinsberg, pp. 7-13.

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Summary

This study is part of a BMELV (German Federal Ministry for, Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection) project for prevention of codling moth damage by long-term population control in large areas. Specimens from local codling moth populations were collected in fall 2003 from three different orchards in the South of Germany; two of them having been treated with granulovirus of codling moth (CpGV Madex 2 and/or Gran-upom) over many years (Lake Constance II and South Baden) and one since two years (Lake Constance I). In autumn 2004, specimens from populations in four other orchards with serious CM problems were col-lected to investigate whether more populations were involved in that region. Furthermore, the population Lake Constance I and South Baden were tested again. During the season, the location South Baden was almost weekly treated with 100 ml/ha of Madex 2 to test whether the level of susceptibility would change after such heavy treatments.
The susceptibility of the offsprings of the overwintering generation to CpGV was investigated in the spring of the following year in bioassays on artificial diet and compared to a laboratory strain of the codling moth. The results indicated significant differences in sensitivity to the virus between the local codling moth populations. The LC50-values showed that in 2004, South Baden and Lake Constance II were more than thousand fold less susceptible than the populations Lake Constance I and the laboratory strain. The results from the bio-assays in 2005 confirmed the low susceptibility of South Baden and of the new locations in Saarland and from an orchard 100 km away from South Baden. The population Lake Constance I, on the other hand, maintained its high sensitivity to the virus. The slope of the dose-mortality-regression lines of the unsuscep-tible populations was significantly lower than those of the susceptible ones, including that of the laboratory strain. This indicates a high inhomogeneity in the individual response of the unsusceptible larvae against the virus. Actually, the problem of reduced sensitivity to the virus seems to be limited to a few orchards in Germany, the majority of orchards being not affected.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:CpGV, granulovirus, baculovirus, codling moth, susceptibility, field population, field tests, integrated plant protection
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2006: Ecofruit
Germany > Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Obstbau - FÖKO
Related Links:http://www.foeko.de/ecofruit.htm
Deposited By: Boos, Markus
ID Code:8784
Deposited On:11 Jul 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:33
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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