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Ekologiskt kretsloppsjordbruk: metod att minimera växtnäringsförluster till Östersjön

{Project} BERAS: Ekologiskt kretsloppsjordbruk: metod att minimera växtnäringsförluster till Östersjön. [Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture and Society (BERAS).] Runs 2003 - 2006. Project Leader(s): Granstedt, Artur, Biodynamic Research Institute.

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Online at: http://www.jdb.se/beras/

Summary

Syftet är att undersöka hur mycket överskottet och förlusterna av kväve och fosfor kan minska i jordbruket genom lokal och regional anpassning av växtodling och djurhållning i enlighet med principerna för kretsloppsbaserad ekologisk odling. Studien genomförs på utvalda ekologiska typgårdar med till den egna foderproduktionen anpassad djurhållning i för landet representativa avvattningsområden. Resultaten från balansräkningar och mätning av växtnäringsförluster ligger till grund för jämförelser med dagens jordbruk och förslag till sådana förändringar av jordbrukets struktur som kan leda till minst en halvering av förlusterna. Projektet ingår som en del i det av EU delfinansierade BSR INTERREG III B-projektet ”Baltic Ecological Recycling Agriculture” (BERAS) koordinerat av sökanden. I BERAS-projektet ingår totalt 20 partner från de åtta EU-länder runt Östersjön och som bidrar till den alltför stora kväve- och fosforbelastningen på havet.

Summary translation

Task
Case studies, complemented with scenarios and consequence analyses, of ongoing practical, local ecological initiatives to promote local food supply cooperation between consumers and ecological producers (organic farmers, local food processors and distributors) in rural villages in the countries around the Baltic Sea, with the aim of learning and promoting more sustainable food supply systems and lifestyles.
Background
The serious environmental situation in the Baltic Sea is a consequence of the unsustainable lifestyle prevailing in the countries around the Baltic Sea (i.e. in its drainage basin). Several studies indicate that, by increasing the production and consumption of ecologically and locally produced food, it is possible to achieve benefits for both the distant and the ambient environment, locally and globally. Reduced use of limited energy resources, resulting in less pollution of air, water and soil, and increased recycling of nutrients in agriculture, reducing leaching from fields, are important goals for a more sustainable lifestyle. They will also contribute positively to regional development, increasing employment and enhancing health and quality of life. Significant local initiatives in this direction can be found in small rural communities in the countries of the Baltic Sea region, and there is a need to analyse their environmental and economic consequences, as well as the opportunities and obstacles facing different actors along the food chain (individuals, associations, farms and companies). It is also necessary to develop knowledge and skills in this area, and to recognise the potential for and consequences of a larger-scale changeover to such systems throughout the region.
Objectives
The aim is to develop a knowledge base regarding possible means of significantly decreasing consumption of non renewable energy and other limited resources, and of reducing the negative environmental impacts of production, distribution, processing and consumption of food. At the same time, the measures identified should enhance landscape diversity and promote local economies and employment in rural areas of the Baltic Sea countries. The work will be based on practical case studies, deeper primarily in one selected rural area of each country, where practical initiatives have been taken to bring about lifestyle changes through the whole of the food chain – from primary agricultural production, via processing and distribution to final consumption – based on ecological production.

EPrint Type:Project description
Keywords:develop a knowledge base, case studies, practical initiatives of lifestyle changes
Subjects: Food systems > Recycling, balancing and resource management
Research affiliation: Sweden > Other organizations
Research funders: Sweden > Ekhaga Foundation
European Union
Acronym:BERAS
Location:Biodynamic Research Institute
Skilleby gård
SE-153 91 Järna
arturgranstedt@jdb.se
Start Date:1 March 2003
End Date:31 December 2006
Deposited By: Karlsson, Miriam Frida
ID Code:8103
Deposited On:11 Nov 2007
Last Modified:20 Aug 2009 14:31

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