SummaryORGANIC INPUTS EVALUATION: An EU funded Concerted Action
Regulation of plant protection products (PPP) and fertilisers and soil conditioners (F&SC) has great implications on farming practices and on the crop-specific economy, and hereby on the income and the competitiveness of farmers. The use of PPP and F&SC in European organic agriculture is reglemennted by the Council regulation EEC 2092/91 Annex II. The strict regulation of PPP and F&SC in European organic agriculture is also of crucial importance for the trust of the consumers in the safety and quality of certified organic plant products.
However, there is no harmonised and standardised procedure for the evaluation of new products to be included on the lists of authorised products in Annex II, nor for the re-evaluation of products already on the lists. Neither is there any standardised procedure for setting of limits and other conditions for the use of PPP and F&SC in various crops. Therefore the interpretation of which PPP and F&SC are allowed in various crops, and under which conditions and in which amounts they are allowed varies considerably between the EU member states and associated countries, resulting in unequal competition conditions for the organic farmers in Europe. At the same time these differences may cause confusion concerning the quality of organic products, hereby reducing the credibility of certified organic products in the view of the European consumers. Furthermore, the lack of harmonised and standardised procedures for evaluation of PPP and F&SC may result in very time consuming and complex evaluation procedures for inclusion of new products and removal of existing products, this being an obstacle for the development of organic agriculture in the EU.
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(c) Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), CH-5070 Frick