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Strategies for controlling Cirsium arvense in organic crop production

Lukashyk, P.; Berg, M. and Köpke, U. (2006) Strategies for controlling Cirsium arvense in organic crop production. Paper at: Joint Organic Congress, Odense, Denmark, May 30-31, 2006.

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Summary

Abstract - Three strategies for controlling Cirsium arvense including (1) repeated stubble tillage with subsequent forage crop cultivation, (2) repeated mowing of a grass-clover ley, and (3) forage crop cultivation following a grass-clover ley ploughed in May/June were investigated in field experiments over 3 years. The development of C. arvense shoot density was regularly assessed on subplots with defined thistle densities. In the medium-term (9 months), repeated stubble tillage (treatment 1) decreased shoot density of C. arvense more effectively than a once mowed grass-clover ley (2). However, after 22 months, treatments 1 and 2 resulted in a similar strong reduction of C. arvense shoot density of 95 % and 97 %, respectively. At this time, the efficacy of treatment 3 was lower (89 %), however, not signifi-cantly different to that of treatments 1 and 2. After 26 months, the effect of all treatments was still appar-ent; however, the efficacy of treatment 3 was signifi-cantly lower than that of treatment 2. Generally, the different strategies showed only minor differences, thus delivering options for optimal strategies of this-tle control under given specific conditions of site and cropping systems.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Weed management
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2006: Joint Organic Congress > Theme 4: Crop systems and soils
Germany > University of Bonn > Institute of Organic Agriculture
Deposited By: Lukashyk, Dr. Pavel
ID Code:7251
Deposited On:10 May 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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