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A review of knowledge of the potential impacts of GMOs on organic agriculture

Dale, Phillip; Clarke, Belinda; Fontes, Eliana; Martin, Wolfe; Pearce, Bruce and Welsh, James (2001) A review of knowledge of the potential impacts of GMOs on organic agriculture. John Innes Centre.

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Online at: http://www2.defra.gov.uk/research/project_data/More.asp?I=OF0193&M=CFO&V=JIC

Summary

The organic movement believes that organic agriculture, by its nature, cannot involve the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). This has been incorporated into EU regulations which state that there is no place in organic agriculture for GMOs. The aim in this review is to consider the ways in which the use of GMOs in agriculture in the UK and internationally might impact on organic farming. It does not address the controversy about the rights or wrongs of GMO’s per se. The subjects covered are based on a set of questions raised at the beginning of the study. The review is based primarily on evidence from peer-reviewed literature.
The report is based on a number of themes, as follows:
• Fate of DNA in soil
• Fate of DNA in livestock feed and possible impact of GM feed
• Fate of DNA in slurry, manure, compost and mulch
• Impact of herbicide tolerant crops
• Impact of pest and disease resistant crops
• Safety of promoters
• DNA transfer in pollen and seeds
• Horizontal gene transfer
• Impact of scale
The report’s Executive Summary includes summaries of the findings on each of these themes.


EPrint Type:Report
Keywords:genetically modified organisms, gmo, pollution, transgenic DNA, DNA transfer, pesticide resistance, pests, weeds, crops, animal feeds, organic integrity
Subjects: Environmental aspects
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Animal husbandry > Feeding and growth
Research affiliation: UK > John Innes Centre (JIC)
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm
Brazil > Embrapa - Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation
UK > Other organizations
UK > Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Research funders: UK > Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Deposited By: Defra, R&D Organic Programme
ID Code:6843
Deposited On:24 Mar 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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