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PROJECT: Green Crop Lifting – an Alternative Producing Healthy Seed Potatoes in the System of Organic Farming

Böhm, H. and Fittje, S. (2002) PROJECT: Green Crop Lifting – an Alternative Producing Healthy Seed Potatoes in the System of Organic Farming. In: Wenzel, Gerhard and Wulfert, Ingrid (Eds.) Potatoes today and tomorrow : Abstracts of papers and posters, EAPR Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung, European Association for Potato Research (EAPR), Vorträge für Pflanzenzüchtung, no. Supplement I, p. 107.

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Summary

The standards of organic farming require the use of organically grown seeds in organic potato farming. Presumably the use of conventionally grown seeds under exceptional circumstances will end in 2003. Only organically grown seeds can be used thereafter. Therefore, it is important to check alternatives for organic potato seed production, which will reduce the cultivation risk, guarantee a high quality of seed potatoes (virus-free and healthy seed), and increase the fraction of marketable potatoes. On 7 farms in Northern Germany (4 sites in the coastal region (Schleswig-Holstein) and 3 sites in the inland region (Lower Saxony)) the green crop lifting (GCL) at two different dates was checked against the traditional process (haulm cutting) and a control plot (natural senescence) with regard to the effect of presprouting in the years 1999 to 2001. The focus of the investigation was the amount of viral load (tested with ELISA) and detection of other diseases (valuation) on / in the harvested potatoes. Yield reduction and tuber damage was recorded. Flying activity of aphids was monitored by yellow water traps.In the coastal region a very low pressure of aphids was observed over the three years. In contrast there was a higher pressure of aphids in the inland region, but only 1999 brought an early and outstanding pressure. In peak times (middle of July 1999) the number of aphids was more than 12 times higher compared to the coastal region. Only in 2000 an early aphid pressure was recorded in the middle of May. If there was a high pressure of aphids the early green crop lifting (in the middle of July) was an effective way reducing the virus diseases.Caused by the early date of GCL the total tuber yield reduction averaged out at 18,8 % over the three years compared to the control. Related to the marketable seed potatoes (28-50 mm) the yield reduction amounted 14.1 % only.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:seed potatoes, potato, aphids, green crop lifting, virus diseases, yield
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Root crops
Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Germany > Universität Kiel > Department of Crop Production and Plant Breeding > Grassland and Forage Production/Organic Farming
Related Links:http://www.grassland-organicfarming.uni-kiel.de/home_de.html, http://www.grassland-organicfarming.uni-kiel.de/forschungsprojekt2/forschung.html#2
Deposited By: Böhm, Dr. Herwart
ID Code:676
Deposited On:23 Jun 2003
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:27
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed
Additional Publishing Information:Paper 91
Projekt (FKZ: 98 UM 094) gefördert durch die Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (BLE)
Optimierung der Pflanzguterzeugung im Ökologischen Landbau durch den Einsatz des „Dreigeteilten Ernteverfahrens“ (Grünroden)

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