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Generating and evaluating a novel genetic resource in wheat in diverse environments

{Project} Generating and evaluating a novel genetic resource in wheat in diverse environments. Runs 2001 - 2007. Project Leader(s): Wolfe, Martin and Snape, John, Elm Farm Research Centre, John Innes Centre.

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Online at: http://www.efrc.com/?i=articles.php&art_id=92&highlight=wheat,genetics

Summary

The principal objective of the project is to develop composite cross populations of wheat based on a wide range of key parent varieties. The parents will be selected partly on past knowledge of successful performance in terms of yield, quality and disease resistance and partly on the basis of molecular ancestry to try to ensure as wide range of diversity as possible. Following parental inter-crossing in all possible combinations, progeny population samples will be exposed to a range of widely different agricultural environments and systems through several seasons of, largely, natural selection. Performance of the population samples will be compared at different stages against both the parents grown as pure stands and as physical mixtures.
Our objective is to increase the sustainability and competitiveness of organic and other extensive farming systems by developing genetically diverse wheat populations that will respond rapidly to on-farm selection for improved productivity and yield. It is well established that modern varieties of wheat perform poorly under the conditions and management options encountered in organic farming systems. This is due to a number of factors including poor competition against weeds, narrow resistance against pests and disease, inability to efficiently utilise soil bound nutrients and the lack of genetic flexibility to buffer against environmental variation. To develop a conventional, new wheat breeding programme, from start to release of adapted varieties, would take many years. The approach we propose can deliver this material quickly. This will be achieved through the production of appropriate composite-cross populations of winter wheat.
The research will provide material adapted to basic organic conditions that can then be further selected on-farm. This will also be of benefit to non-organic farms as the populations will posses broad resistance to pests and disease and improved competitive ability against weeds, so minimising the need for crop protection inputs. The research will deliver a unique insight into the evolution of genetically diverse wheat populations, under a diverse range of environments, which will allow the elucidation of gene x environment interactions. In addition, it will provide information on the characters of winter wheat that confer improved productivity under a diversity of environmental conditions. Samples of the resulting winter wheat composite cross populations will be placed in the gene bank at the John Innes Centre.
Overall objective:
To increase the sustainability and competitiveness of both non-organic and organic farming systems by developing genetically diverse wheat populations that will respond rapidly to on-farm selection for improved productivity and yield.
1. To generate six distinct, highly heterogeneous composite-cross populations of winter wheat for further development and selection. The populations will comprise; one with parental material selected for good milling potential, one with parents selected for high yield potential and one comprising both sets of parent material. Each of these populations will then be split to either include or exclude heritable male sterility.
2. To evaluate the performance and evolution of composite-cross populations over time under a diverse range of environmental conditions and identify characteristics that confer improved productivity in these environments.
3. To track the genetic changes that accompany selection, so providing a better understanding of the assemblages of traits that underlie improved productivity in diverse environments.
4. To provide genetically diverse crop material for further selection by farmers and as a resource for future publicly funded research.
5. To disseminate the results to the scientific community and industry


EPrint Type:Project description
Type of Facility:Field study
Keywords:cereals, breeding projects
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: UK > John Innes Centre (JIC)
UK > Organic Research Centre (ORC) - Elm Farm
Research funders: UK > Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
Project ID:AR0914
Location:Elm Farm Research Centre, Hamstead Marshall, Nr Newbury, Berks, RG20 0HR, UK.
Start Date:1 November 2001
End Date:31 October 2007
Deposited By: Defra, R&D Organic Programme
ID Code:6671
Deposited On:10 Feb 2006
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:32
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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