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Kontrolle der Gloeosporium-Fäule bei der Lagerung von Äpfeln aus biologischem Anbau

{Project} Gloeosporium control: Kontrolle der Gloeosporium-Fäule bei der Lagerung von Äpfeln aus biologischem Anbau. [Control of Gloeosporium storage disease in organic apple growing.] Runs 2001 - 2007. Project Leader(s): Weibel, Franco, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), CH-5070 Frick.

Full text not available from this repository.

Online at: http://www.fibl.org/de/schweiz/forschung/anbautechnik-pflanzenbau.html

Summary

The aim of the project is to find an alternative to hot water immersion. Preliminary research during several years with different oxidative substances and products (H2O2, per-acidic-acid, nitrite) and with Ozone did not reveal sufficient control.
Among the variou apple storage diseases, Gloesporium sp. causes extraordinary difficulties with organic fruit compared with conventional fruit. This is due to the fact that organic fungicides sprayed against scab or powdery mildew have no effect on Gloeosporium spores. Thus, infection can cause very severe losses with up to 80-100 % with sensitive cultivars such as Topaz or Pinova.
Currently the Gloeosporium disease can be partly controlled by post-harvest by immersion of the apples in 50-52 Degree Celius hot water. Although this method is approved by the organic standards and reliably prevents the spreading of the disease its disadvantages are
i) high equipment costs
ii) high energy consumption
iii) pre-harvest infestation is not controlled and becomes visible after immersion.
The project aim is therefore to develop alternative post- and pre-harvest methods to control Gloeosporium storage disease in organic apple growing.
Methods applied are
- Pre-harvest treatment with organic fungicides on the varieties Pinova and Topaz.
- Post-harvest dipping in cold water electrolyte solutions.
Hot water dipping is the reference treatment.
Results
Since 2004 we have had significant control success with the use of clay powder for pre-harvest control and with dipping in cold water electrolyte-solutions for post-harvest treatments. Both control strategies, pre- and post-harvest have to be verified and optimized. Additionally, the technical equipment for fruit dipping in electrolyte solutions has to be developed for practical conditions.

Summary translation

Involved organisations, project partners:
Zimmermann, Verfahrenstechnik AG, CH-Münchenstein (since 2004)
Literature:
Proceedings of „FiBL-Bio-Obstbautagung“ 2003 and 2004

EPrint Type:Project description
Keywords:Organic, apple, storage disease, Gloeosporium, fruit, hot water, dipping, electrolyte solution, Anostel, Catostel, Bioobstbau, Lagerung Bioobst
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Post harvest management and techniques
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Crop Production
Research funders: Switzerland > Swiss Federal Office for Agriculture FOAG
Switzerland > Other organizations
Related Links:http://www.fibl.org/de/schweiz/forschung/anbautechnik-pflanzenbau.html, http://orgprints.org/perl/search/advanced?keywords=Bioobstbau%2C+Lagerung+Bioobst&keywords_merge=ALL&projects=perennial-crop-production&projects_merge=ANY&_satisfyall=ALL&_order=byname&_action_search=Search
Acronym:Gloeosporium control
Start Date:1 January 2001
End Date:31 December 2007
Deposited By: Weibel, Franco
ID Code:6288
Deposited On:08 Feb 2006
Last Modified:29 Sep 2010 20:49

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