home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Aufbau eines sektor-konsistenten Betriebsgruppenmodells zur Politikfolgenabschätzung für den biologischen Landbau

{Project} CH-FARMIS: Aufbau eines sektor-konsistenten Betriebsgruppenmodells zur Politikfolgenabschätzung für den biologischen Landbau. [Development of a sector-consistent farm group model for policy impact analyses for organic farming.] Runs 2003 - 2005. Project Leader(s): Sanders, Jürn, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), CH-5070 Frick.

Full text not available from this repository.

Summary

Definition of the problem:
Organic farming experienced a considerable expansion in Europe in the last decade. From 1993 to 2001, average annual growth rate were 26% for the EU-15 (Hamm and Gronefeld, 2004). In the whole of Europe, in 2004, almost 6.3 million hectares were managed organically by approximately 170,000 farmers (Willer and Richter, 2005). The most important factors for the past growth were a growing demand for organic food and direct payments for organic management practices. While both factors remain important in the future, it is expected that the further development of organic farming is predominantly determined by the general policy environment of the farming sector in Europe (see Häring et al., 2004). The impact of policy measures on agriculture is commonly analysed by employing quantitative models. Until today, however, only a few models were developed that take organic farming explicitly into consideration (e.g. Häring, 2003; Offermann, 2003; Richter et al., 2001; Hartnagel et al., 2000) and the existing ones are for various reasons less suited to be used in practice as a policy assessment tool.
Project aims:
In the light of the enormous impact of agricultural policy on the further development of organic farming and the lack of suitable impact analysis tools the aim of this project is to develop a quantitative policy impact model for organic farming.
Methodology:
For the development of a Swiss policy impact model for organic farming the modelling framework of the German model FARMIS will be used. Originally developed for the German agricultural sector, FARMIS has recently been extended to cover although other EU member states (Offermann et al., 2005). For Switzerland, FARMIS will adopted to the specific Swiss policy environment and advanced by a farming-system differentiated representation of the agricultural sector.
The model is a comparative-static process-analytical non-linear programming model that represents the Swiss agricultural sector. Following other sector programming models, CH-FARMIS is divided into four modular units. The data unit comprises all data that are needed to construct the model. The data processing unit includes all steps to derive complete input-output tables for each farm model, to determine the forward projection of ex-ante variables and to generate the weighting factors for the aggregation procedure. The optimisation unit comprises all individual farm models that are used to optimise the factor allocation and the production programme of farms and farm groups, respectively for a baseline and various alternative scenarios. Finally, the output unit comprises the presentation and analysis of the optimisation procedure.
Involved organisations, project partners: Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft (FAL), Braunschweig

Summary translation

Problemstellung
Der biologische Landbau hat sich in der Schweiz kontinuierlich ausgedehnt. Diese Entwicklung ist neben einer steigenden Marktnachfrage nach Bioprodukten besonders auf die agrarpolitischen Reformen in der letzten Dekade zurückzuführen, von denen der Biolandbau im allgemeinen profitieren konnte. Trotz der gestiegenen Bedeutung gibt es in der Schweiz bisher kein Instrument, welches die Auswirkungen agrarpolitischer Massnahmen auf den Biolandbau abschätzen kann. Ein solches Prognosewerkzeug wäre ausgesprochen hilfreich, um einerseits die Folgen von agrarpolitischen Reformen (WTO Doha-Runde, AP 2011) auf den Biolandbau besser abschätzen zu können sowie anderseits eine gezielte Förderung des Biolandbaus zu ermöglichen.
Projektziele
Ziel des Projektes ist es, ein quantitatives Modell zu entwickeln, welches im Rahmen der vorausschauenden Politikfolgenabschätzung eingesetzt werden und die Auswirkungen agrarpolitischer Reformen auf den Biolandbau differenziert auf Sektor-, Regions- und Betriebstypenebene abbilden kann. Ein Schwerpunkt der Analyse soll ein Vergleich der Einkommenseffekte von biologischen und konventionell wirtschaftenden Betrieben sein. Des weiteren besteht das Ziel, das Umstellungsverhalten der Landwirte im Modell abzubilden.

EPrint Type:Project description
Keywords:Farm group modelling, policy impact analysis, Sozio-Ökonomie, Agrarpolitik, CH-FARMIS
Subjects: Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Socio-Economics
Research funders: Switzerland > Swiss Federal Office for Agriculture FOAG
Related Links:http://www.fibl.org/de/schweiz/forschung/soziooekonomie.html, http://orgprints.org/3677/, http://orgprints.org/cgi/search/advanced?keywords=CH-FARMIS&keywords_merge=ALL&projects=fibl-socio-economics%20&projects_merge=ANY&_satisfyall=ALL&_order=byname&_action_search=Search
Acronym:CH-FARMIS
Start Date:1 January 2003
End Date:31 December 2005
Deposited By: Sanders, Jürn
ID Code:5748
Deposited On:02 Nov 2005
Last Modified:01 Sep 2010 10:17

Repository Staff Only: item control page