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Optimisation of cultural practices for organic potato: effect of irrigation regimes on the development of late blight, crop yield and quality

Lambion, Jérôme and Bertrand, Cyril (2005) Optimisation of cultural practices for organic potato: effect of irrigation regimes on the development of late blight, crop yield and quality. Speech at: Final congress of the EU FP5 RTD project "Development of a systems approach for the management of late blight in EU organic potato production" (Blight MOP ; QLK5-CT-2000-01065), University of Newcastle, 6th January 2005.

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Summary

A trial was established in 2003, in Southern France, to assess under organic farming conditions the effect of top irrigation with sprinklers on potato yield, but also to evaluate side effects on epidemics, with a focus on late blight (Phytophthora infestans L.). Two varieties, one susceptible (Charlotte) and one with a good level of resistance to late blight (Eden), have been planted. Three irrigation regimes have been applied : no irrigation [NO], reduced or optimized irrigation [OPT] and irrigation according to usual grower practice [NORM]. Irrigation had no effect on foliar late blight development. For both varieties, commercial yield in the non-irrigated plots was significantly lower (16,36 t.ha-1) than in the OPT and NORM plots (resp. 26,12 t.ha-1 and 24,15 t.ha-1), with a higher proportion of small tubers for NO (11,96%) than for OPT and NORM (resp. 4,25% and 3,32%). Irrigation regime had no effect on proportion of tubers with affected by either late blight or Rhizoctonia (black scurf). As expected, Charlotte confirmed its susceptibility to foliar late blight, while Eden had a significant higher total yield than Charlotte (resp. 47,19 t.ha-1 and 32,19 t.ha-1). However, there was no significant difference between the two varieties for commercial yield (resp. 20,51 t.ha-1 and 23,91 t.ha-1), due to a large proportion of tubers with black scurf and of mis-shaped tubers in Eden. For conclusion, irrigation in this region is necessary to obtain reasonable yields and tuber sizes compatible with market requirements. It is possible to reduce irrigation doses without reducing significantly yields, in order to preserve water resources. Under the conditions of this trial, top irrigation on foliage did not increase late blight or silver scurf severity.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Speech
Keywords:potato ; late blight ; Phytophthora infestans ; irrigation
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: France > GRAB - Groupe de Recherche en Agriculture biologique
Deposited By: Lambion, Ing. Jérôme
ID Code:5303
Deposited On:25 Aug 2005
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:31
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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