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Exercise yards in Finland - structures and environmental impact

Puumala, Maarit; Uusi-Kämppä, Jaana; Nykänen, Arja and Heinonen-Tanski, Helvi (2003) Exercise yards in Finland - structures and environmental impact. Paper at: Nordic agriculture in global perspective: NJF's 22nd congress, July 1-4, 2003.

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Two exercise yards have been designed, constructed and monitored. Samples from the runoff water have been taken regularly, and their nutrient concentrations(nitrogen, phosphor), total solids, pH, total chemical oxygen demand and hygienic quality have been analysed. The behaviour of animals has been observed.

EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:exercise yards, structure, runoff water
Subjects: Animal husbandry > Production systems > Dairy cattle
Research affiliation: Finland > Luke Natural Resources Institute
Related Links:http://portal.mtt.fi/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/AGRONET/YHTEISET_HANKKEET/NJF/NJF2003/19.PDF
Deposited By: Koistinen, Riitta
ID Code:4124
Deposited On:20 Dec 2004
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:30
Document Language:English
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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