home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

Strukturelle und funktionelle Charakterisierung von mikrobiellen Gemeinschaften in ökologisch und konventionell bewirtschafteten Agrarböden

Esperschuetz, Dipl. Ing. Agr. J; Gattinger, Dr. A; Schloter, Dr. M and Fließbach, Dr. A (2005) Strukturelle und funktionelle Charakterisierung von mikrobiellen Gemeinschaften in ökologisch und konventionell bewirtschafteten Agrarböden. [Structural and functional characterisation of microbial communities in organically and conventionally managed agricultural soils.] In: Heß, J and Rahmann, G (Eds.) Ende der Nische, Beiträge zur 8. Wissenschaftstagung Ökologischer Landbau, kassel university press GmbH, Kassel.

[img] PDF
159Kb

Summary

Soil samples from the DOK long-term field trial were investigated to study influences of different farming systems on structure and function of soil microbial communities. The DOK long-term field trial in Switzerland consists of plots managed bio-dynamically (D), bio-organically (O), conventionally (K) and of those which are managed conventionally but only receive mineral fertilizer (M).
In spring 2003 soil samples from these differently managed plots were taken. All investigated fields were planted with winter wheat in 2003, but with different croppings in 2002: potato and maize cultivation, respectively. Analyses of phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) and phospholipid etherlipids (PLEL) were carried out to determine bacterial, eukaryotic and archaeal phenotypic diversity. By combining this technique with isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GC/MS-C-IRMS) it was possible to analyse simultaneously 13C/12C ratios in PLFA and PLEL biomarkers for functional analyses of the soil microbiota.
First results revealed differences in the total microbial biomass and community structure among the compared farming systems. Furthermore, the incorporation of the maize derived carbon could be detected in several PLFA at the natural abundance level. This may be an indication for the role of different microbial groups during organic matter degradation.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Entwicklung Ökolandbau, Biodiversität, Bodenfruchtbarkeit, PLFA
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality > Soil biology
Research affiliation: International Conferences > 2005: Scientific Conference on Organic Agriculture
Deposited By: Esperschuetz, Dipl. Ing. Agr. Juergen Alexander
ID Code:3759
Deposited On:05 Mar 2005
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:30
Document Language:German - Deutsch
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page