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Nitrate leaching and N2-fixation in grasslands of different composition, age and management

Eriksen, J. and Vinther, F.P. (2004) Nitrate leaching and N2-fixation in grasslands of different composition, age and management. In: Hatch, D.J.; Chadwick, D.R.; Jarvis, S.C. and Roker, J.A. (Eds.) Controlling nitrogen flows and losses, Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, pp. 434-436.

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Summary

Cut grassland systems usually have high N efficiency and consequently low nitrate leaching, whereas the introduction of grazing animals increases the loss potential dramatically (Jarvis, 2000). It has been demonstrated that nitrate leaching from unfertilised grass-clover swards is lower than from mineral-N fertilized swards grazed by cattle. The possible explanation for this is that the N2 fixation by pasture legumes is regulated by a natural feedback mechanism driven by soil inorganic N levels. The feedback mechanism acts as a limit to N inputs from legumes and consequently regulates the potential for N losses (Ledgard, 2001).
Here is reported 5 years of nitrate leaching from four cropping sequences with different grassland frequency and management for both unfertilized grass-clover and fertilized grass. Furthermore, one year of N2 fixation in 1, 2 and 8-year-old grass-clover pastures is reported.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Subjects: Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I. 4 (NIMAB) Enhanced bread wheat production
Denmark > DARCOF II (2000-2005) > I.15 (NIT_GRASS) Nitrate leaching from dairy farming
Deposited By: Eriksen, Senior scientist Jørgen
ID Code:3666
Deposited On:01 Oct 2004
Last Modified:12 Apr 2010 07:29
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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