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Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision: the BIOVINE Project

Rossi, Vittorio; Berbegal, Monica; Armengol Forti, Josep; Kehrli, Patrik; Ranca, Aurora-Maria; Širca, Saša and Wipf, Daniel (2019) Exploit biodiversity in viticultural systems to reduce pest damage and pesticide use, and increase ecosystems services provision: the BIOVINE Project. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases.

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Summary

Organic vineyards still rely on large external inputs to control harmful organisms (i.e., pests). The BIOVINE
project aims to develop natural solutions based on plant diversity to control pests and reduce
pesticide dependence. The capability of plants of increasing the ecosystem resistance to pests and invasive
species is a well-known ecosystem service. However, monocultures (including vineyards) do not
exploit the potential of plant diversity. BIOVINE aims to develop new viticultural systems based on increased
plant diversity within (e.g., cover crops) and/or around (e.g., hedges, vegetation spots, edgings)
vineyards by planting selected plant species for the control of arthropods, soil-borne pests (oomycetes,
fungi, nematodes), and foliar pathogens. The project will pay special attention to fungal grapevine trunk pathogens.
Candidate plants will be identified by a literature review, and the selected ones will be tested in controlled environment or small-scale experiments. The ability of the
selected plants to: i) attract or repel target arthropod pests; ii) conserve/promote beneficials; iii) control
soil-borne pests by means of biofumigation; iv) carry mycorrhizal fungi to the vine root system to increase
plant health (growth and resistance); and v) control foliar pathogens by reducing the inoculum
spread from soil, will be investigated. New viticultural systems able to exploit plant diversity will then
be designed based on results of BIOVINE activities, following a design-assessment-adjustment cycle,
which will then be tested by in-vineyard experiments in France, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Spain and
Switzerland for a 2-year period. Innovative viticultural systems should represent an improved way for
pest control in organic viticulture, meanwhile they should positively affect functional biodiversity and
ecosystem services. New control strategies may provide financial opportunities to vine growers and
lower their reliance on pesticides. Financial support provided by transnational fundng bodies, being partners of the H202 ERA-net project, CORE Organic Cofund, and cofund from the European Commission.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Poster
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop combinations and interactions
Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: European Union > CORE Organic Cofund > BioVine
Deposited By: Rossi, Prof Vittorio
ID Code:36375
Deposited On:03 Sep 2019 09:39
Last Modified:03 Sep 2019 09:39
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Not peer-reviewed

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