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A simple biodiversity assessment scheme supporting nature-friendly farm management

Tasser, Erich; Rüdisser, Johannes; Plaikner, Michaela; Wezel, Alexander; Stöckli, Sibylle; Vincent, Audrey; Nitsch, Heike; Dubbert, Monika; Moos, Valerie; Walde, Janette and Bogner, Daniel (2019) A simple biodiversity assessment scheme supporting nature-friendly farm management. Ecological Indicators, 107 (105649), pp. 1-11.

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Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1470160X19306417?dgcid=coauthor

Summary

Farmers are important actors for regional development and biodiversity protection. Agri-environment-climate measures (AECM) are therefore a central tool of the European Union to support its biodiversity conservation policy. AECM generally reward farmers for fulfilling predefined management actions or avoiding specific practices. In contrast, result oriented AECM are intended to reward farmers for the outcome of nature friendly management practices. This approach gives more flexibility in management and hence promotes farmers engagement and autonomy. Besides educational activities and agricultural advisory services farmers need user friendly tools to assess biodiversity in order to meet result oriented AECM. Thus, we present a biodiversity assessment scheme for farmland using a set of indicators, which covers different aspects of biodiversity (flower colour index, butterfly abundance, landscape structuring degree, patch diversity index, aggregated biodiversity index) and can be applied at different spatial scales. The assessment scheme is applied on 44 farms in five countries (France, Switzerland, Germany, Italy, and Austria). To evaluate its appropriateness the relationship between the indicators and land-use intensity and plant species richness is investigated. Grasslands with low land-use intensity are more colourful grasslands, have significantly more butterflies and a higher aggregated biodiversity index than moderately and intensively used grasslands. The influence of management intensity on the landscape structuring degree is not significant. All indicators correlate with plant species richness at all spatial scales. The proposed assessment scheme serves as a tool for the detection of differences in biodiversity resulting from land-use practices, and can assist the monitoring of ROMs.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Alpine grassland, Farm monitoring, Biodiversity index, Butterfly abundance, Flower colours, Result-oriented agri-environmental measures, Shannon diversity index, Structuring degree
Subjects: Environmental aspects > Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Environmental aspects > Landscape and recreation
Research affiliation:Other countries
Austria
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant Protection and Biodiversity
France
Italy
DOI:doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105649
Deposited By: Stöckli, Dr. Sibylle
ID Code:36372
Deposited On:23 Aug 2019 08:01
Last Modified:23 Aug 2019 11:56
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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