home    about    browse    search    latest    help 
Login | Create Account

The impact of long-term organic farming on soil-derived greenhouse gas emissions

Skinner, Colin; Gattinger, Andreas; Krauss, Maike; Krause, Hans-Martin; Mayer, Jochen; van der Heijden, Marcel G. A. and Mäder, Paul (2019) The impact of long-term organic farming on soil-derived greenhouse gas emissions. Scientific Reports, 9 (1702), pp. 1-10.

[img] PDF - English
1MB

Online at: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-38207-w

Summary

Agricultural practices contribute considerably to emissions of greenhouse gases. so far, knowledge on the impact of organic compared to non-organic farming on soil-derived nitrous oxide (N2o) and methane (CH4) emissions is limited. We investigated N2o and CH4 fluxes with manual chambers during 571 days in a grass-clover– silage maize – green manure cropping sequence in the long-term field trial “DOK” in Switzerland. We compared two organic farming systems – biodynamic (BIODYN) and bioorganic (BIOORG) – with two non-organic systems – solely mineral fertilisation (CONMIN) and mixed farming including farmyard manure (CONFYM) – all reflecting Swiss farming practices–together with an unfertilised control (NOFERT). We observed a 40.2% reduction of N2o emissions per hectare for organic compared to non-organic systems. In contrast to current knowledge, yield-scaled cumulated N2o emissions under silage maize were similar between organic and non-organic systems. Cumulated on area scale we recorded under silage maize a modest CH4 uptake for BIODYN and CONMIN and high CH4emissions for CONFYM. We found that, in addition to N input, quality properties such as pH, soil organic carbon and microbial biomass significantly affected N2o emissions. this study showed that organic farming systems can be a viable measure contributing to greenhouse gas mitigation in the agricultural sector.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:greenhouse gas emissions, climate, DOK, organic farming systems
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Knowledge management > Research methodology and philosophy > Specific methods
Environmental aspects > Air and water emissions
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Switzerland > Agroscope
Germany > University of Gießen
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-38207-w
Deposited By: Gattinger, Dr. Andreas
ID Code:36350
Deposited On:15 Aug 2019 09:13
Last Modified:15 Aug 2019 09:13
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

Repository Staff Only: item control page