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Development of SOM and aggregation in an agriculturally managed re-cultivated loess

Pihlap, Evelin; Steffens, Markus and Kögel-Knabner, Ingrid (2018) Development of SOM and aggregation in an agriculturally managed re-cultivated loess. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 20, EGU2018-1933.

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Online at: https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-1933.pdf

Summary

Soil organic matter (SOM) and organic glues from biological processes are considered to be major contributors inaggregate formation. But there is limited knowledge on soil structural formation during initial soil development –the step when SOM content is low and soil properties are mostly controlled by the parent material. In our study we used a chronosequence approach in the re-cultivated open-cast mining area near Cologne, Germany to elucidate thedevelopment of soil structure and soil organic matter during initial soil formation in a loess material. We selectedsix plots with different ages of agricultural management after re-cultivation (0, 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 years after firstseeding). In each plot 12 spatially independent locations were sampled with stainless steel cylinders (100 cm3)at three depths representing the topsoil (1-5 cm), the plowing layer (16-20 cm), and the management-unaffectedparent material (41-45 cm). All samples were analysed for bulk density, organic and inorganic carbon and totalnitrogen content, and aggregate size distribution (≥20 mm, 20-6.3 mm, 3.6-2 mm, and≤2 mm). We calculated soil organic carbon stocks during this early phase of soil formation and assessed the development of aggregationby determining the aggregate stability and their organic carbon content. The re-cultivated soils in the area were alkaline and no differentiation was determined along the chronosequence with having an average pHCaCl2of 7.5. The reclamation was established with freshly excavated loess, thus CaCO3content in the soil was relatively high having concentrations in management-unaffected parent material layer of73.7 mg g−1in 0 year and 124.5 mg g−1in 24 years. Bulk density and soil organic carbon content showed different temporal developments. In just one year bulk density increased to an average of 1.6 g cm−3and changed after first plowing with remaining stable after 12 years to 1.5 g cm−3from topsoil to parent material. Soil organic carbon content increased during first three years only in topsoil (1-5 cm). After ploughing fresh OM input was detected in0-30 cm, where OC stocks increased from 1.23 kg OC m−2in 3 years to 4.06 kg OC m−2in 6 years. Although wedetected OM input and an increase of OC concentrations in aggregates along the chronosequence, we did not see significant differences in aggregate size distribution. Due to high carbonate content in re-cultivated soils, CaCO3 was dominating as a cementing agent and had a strong influence on aggregation in loess soil.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:soil sciences, soil functions, soil fertility
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:34932
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 11:38
Last Modified:08 Mar 2019 11:38
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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