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Few recurring types of microdomains define smallest units of soilfunctioning

Steffens, Markus; Rogge, Derek; Höschen, Carmen; Lugmeier, Johan; Mueller, Carsten W. and Kögel-Knabner, Ingrid (2018) Few recurring types of microdomains define smallest units of soilfunctioning. In: Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 20, EGU2018-11614.

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Online at: https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-11614.pdf

Summary

Soil aggregation is a key factor for a number of important biogeochemical processes (e.g. soil organic matter stabilization and nutrient and pollutant sorption) in soils. Although there is a large number of studies on the factors controlling such soil processes, it is still challenging to study these processes in-situ. However, it can be assumedthat the spatial arrangement of organic and mineral soil constituents in soil aggregates, and thus the aggregate structure determine the processes happening at the aggregate scale. Using nanoscale secondary ion mass spectroscopy and a novel digital image processing approach, we extensively analyzed the spatial distribution of ions characteristic for mineral and organic soil components on the micrometer-scale in an intact soil aggregate. We were surprised that 40 spatially independent measurements could be statistically clustered in just two complimentary types of micrometer-sized domains. Each domain is characterized by a micro-architecture built of a definitemineral assemblage with various organic matter forms and a specific pore system. Each of these microdomainsfulfil different functions in soil. Our results demonstrate that the manifold mineral and organic soil components arrange in a limited number of micro-architectures because of self-organization and feedback mechanisms. Thesemicrodomains are the smallest units in soil that fulfill specific functionalities.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:soil sciences, soil functions, mineral soil components, organic soil components
Subjects: Soil > Soil quality
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Soil Sciences
Germany > University of Munich - TUM
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:34931
Deposited On:08 Mar 2019 11:27
Last Modified:08 Mar 2019 11:27
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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