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Prospects for macro-level analysis of agricultural innovation systems to enhance the eco-efficiency of farming in developing countries

Grovermann, C.; Wossen, T.; Müller, A. and Nichterlein, K. (2018) Prospects for macro-level analysis of agricultural innovation systems to enhance the eco-efficiency of farming in developing countries. Paper at: 30th Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, Vancouver, Canada, 28 July - 2 August 2018.

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Online at: https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/277416

Summary

Agricultural innovation is an essential component in the transition to more sustainable and resilient farming systems across the world. Innovations generally emerge from collective intelligence and action, but innovation systems are often poorly understood. This study explores the properties of innovation systems and their contribution to increased eco-efficiency in agriculture. Using aggregate data and econometric methods, the eco-efficiency of 79 countries was computed and a range of factors relating to research, extension, business and policy was examined. Despite data limitations, the analysis produced significant results. Extension plays an important role in improving the eco-efficiency of agriculture, while agricultural research, under current conditions, has a positive effect on eco-efficiency only in the case of less developed economies. These and other results suggest the importance of context-specific interventions rather than a “one size fits all” approach. Overall, the analysis illustrated the potential of a macro-level diagnostic approach for assessing the role of innovation systems for sustainability in agriculture.


EPrint Type:Conference paper, poster, etc.
Type of presentation:Paper
Keywords:Eco-efficiency, data envelopment analysis, agricultural research, extension, sustainability, innovation
Subjects:"Organics" in general
Food systems > Policy environments and social economy
Research affiliation: Switzerland > ETHZ - Agrarwissenschaften
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Socio-Economics
Italy > Other organizations
Nigeria
Deposited By: Forschungsinstitut für biologischen Landbau, FiBL
ID Code:34722
Deposited On:27 Feb 2019 12:41
Last Modified:27 Feb 2019 12:41
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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