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Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation

Büchi, Lucie; Charles, Raphael; Schneider, David; Sinaj, Sokrat; Maltas, Alexandra; Fossati, Dario and Mascher, Fabio (2016) Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilisation. Field Crops Research, 191, pp. 111-122.

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Online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037842901630048X

Summary

There is an increasing awareness about the need for improving nitrogen use efficiency in crop production in order to meet economic and ecological standards. The present work provides insight into the varietal factors of wheat that determine nitrogen use in the plant. The performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in terms of grain yield and nitrogen uptake and use efficiency was tested within the framework of a 40-year long term field experiment of organic enrichment and mineral nitrogen fertilisation treatments. Globally, organic enrichment had a beneficial effect on the yield and grain nitrogen concentration and showed a strong interaction with the amount of applied mineral nitrogen fertiliser. Manure application generally had positive effects on varietal performances mainly due to indirect long term effects on the soil properties. Varieties showed a broad range of responses to the treatments of the long term experiment, revealing significant genotype × environment interactions. Nevertheless, the varieties which performed well at high input levels were also the best at low input levels, suggesting that the genotype × environment interactions were not strong enough to inverse the performance ranking. Similarly, the varietal traits associated with high yielding or grain nitrogen concentration in high input conditions were the same as those identified under low input conditions. To conclude, these results suggest that the selection of wheat for nitrogen efficiency is possible under any nitrogen fertilisation regime. However, to be adapted to low input or organic agriculture, varieties also need traits other than nutrient use efficiency, for example, disease resistance, resilience to abiotic stresses and competitiveness against weeds.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Nitrogen use efficiency, Low input production, Genotype × environment interactions, Grain protein concentration, Nitrogen depleted environment
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Production systems > Cereals, pulses and oilseeds
Soil > Nutrient turnover
Research affiliation: Switzerland > Agroscope
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Advisory Service
ISSN:0378-4290
DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2016.02.022
Deposited By: Charles, Dr. Raphaël
ID Code:33976
Deposited On:12 Nov 2018 19:08
Last Modified:12 Nov 2018 19:08
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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