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Reducing copper use in the environment: the use of larixol and larixyl acetate to treat downymildew caused by Plasmopara viticola in viticulture

Thuerig, Barbara; James, Emily E.; Schärer, Hans-Jakob; Langat, Moses K.; Mulholland, Dulcie A.; Treutwein, Jonas; Kleeberg, Ina; Ludwig, Mathias; Jayarajah, Praveen; Giovannini, Oscar; Markellou, Emilia and Tamm, Lucius (2018) Reducing copper use in the environment: the use of larixol and larixyl acetate to treat downymildew caused by Plasmopara viticola in viticulture. Pest Management Science, 74 (2), pp. 477-488.

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Online at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ps.4733

Summary

BACKGROUND: Plant extracts might provide sustainable alternatives to copper fungicides, which are still widely used despite their unfavourable ecotoxicological profile. Larch bark extract and its constituents, larixyl acetate and larixol, have been shown to be effective against grapevine downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) under semi-controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to reduce the gap between innovation and the registration of amarketable product, namely to develop scalable extraction processes and to evaluate and optimise the performance of larch extracts under different conditions.
RESULTS: Toxicologically and technically acceptable solvents like ethanol were used to extract the active compounds larixyl acetate and larixol from bark in sufficient amounts and their combined concentration could be increased by up to 39% by purification steps. The combined concentration of larixyl acetate and larixol from larch turpentine could be increased by up to 66%. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC100) against P. viticola in vitro (6-23


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:Larix decidua, botanical plant protection product, fungicide, Larixyne, Department of Crop Scineces, Crop Protection, pathology
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Crop health, quality, protection
Crop husbandry > Production systems > Fruit and berries > Viticulture
Research affiliation: Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant Protection and Biodiversity
Deposited By: Thürig, Dr. Barbara
ID Code:33739
Deposited On:05 Sep 2018 13:13
Last Modified:05 Sep 2018 13:17
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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