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Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques

Nuijten, Edwin; Messmer, Monika M. and Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T. (2017) Concepts and Strategies of Organic Plant Breeding in Light of Novel Breeding Techniques. Sustainability, 9 (1), pp. 1-19.

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Online at: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/1/18

Summary

In this paper, we describe the development of a set of guiding principles for the evaluation of breeding techniques by the organic sector over time. The worldwide standards of organic agriculture (OA) do not allow genetic engineering (GE) or any products derived from genetic engineering.
The standards in OA are an expression of the underlying principles of health, ecology, fairness and care. The derived norms are process and not product oriented. As breeding is considered part of the process in agriculture, GE is not a neutral tool for the organic sector. The incompatibility between OA and GE is analyzed, including the “novel breeding techniques”. Instead, alternative breeding approaches are pursued based on the norms and values of organic agriculture not only on the technical level but also on the social and organizational level by including other value chain players and consumers. The status and future perspectives of the alternative directions for organic breeding are described and discussed.


EPrint Type:Journal paper
Keywords:organic farming, plant breeding, guiding principles, alternative techniques, future perspectives, Department of Crop Sciences
Subjects: Crop husbandry > Breeding, genetics and propagation
Research affiliation: Netherlands > Louis Bolk Institute
Switzerland > FiBL - Research Institute of Organic Agriculture Switzerland > Plant breeding
Netherlands > Wageningen University and Research Centre WUR
ISSN:ISSN 2071-1050
Deposited By: Messmer, Dr. Monika
ID Code:33668
Deposited On:09 Aug 2018 12:44
Last Modified:09 Aug 2018 12:44
Document Language:English
Status:Published
Refereed:Peer-reviewed and accepted

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